Diary/Letters of David McKinney
(submitted by Peggy McNary and Susan Hare)


 

David and Bethsheba after their reunion Bethsheba Fuller McKinney

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INTRODUCTION (written by Susan Hare):

David McKinney, who was born October 1, 1823 in Ohio. As a young child, he and his family moved to Timber Township and later Glasford, and the Peoria, Illinois area. David married Bethsheba Fuller August 13, 1846. David worked as a cooper in the Peoria and Henry areas before enlisting in the 47th Illinois Infantry-Co.A in 1861. He was discharged, but unable to find work, so reenlisted and was discharged October 11, 1864. He and Bethsheba had seven children: William Henry, Abby Jane, Ruhamey, John Charles E., Mary Ellen, Joseph and Elizabeth Amanda. While at home it is alleged that he received several letters from a young woman he met in Columbus, Ohio while guarding the property of the young woman’s mother who was a wealthy widow.. According to one of David’s brothers, David and the woman became intimately acquainted and the mother suggested that they marry. He explained he was already married and the mother said no one would have to know. In 1866, David went to Henry, Illinois to work as a cooper and in 1867 to Fort Wayne looking for work. During this time he continued to write letters to his family—the last letter stated he would be returning home July 4, 1867. Shortly thereafter, two men appeared at the home of Bethsheba telling her that David had gone to the Dakotas on a cattle drive and had been killed by Indians near Yankton, South Dakota. In some of David’s letters he talked about going on a cattle drive and also going to the silver mines in Colorado. The two men returned a notebook that David kept and also a picture of his daughter Rhuhamy. They said other things would be sent later but they were never received. The above information is from the National Archives records of David.

Bethsheba applied for widow’s benefits in 1890 believing her husband was dead. In 1890, David applied for veteran’s benefits in Bartlett, Missouri. He is listed on the Civil War Veteran’s of Shannon County, MO. Sometime after that, David went to San Francisco and then to Grant’s Pass, Oregon where he was found in 1894. Bethsheba’s benefits were denied as her husband was alive. My great-grandmother, Elizabeth Amanda McKinney Laughlin, went to Oregon and brought David back to her home in Wisconsin where David and Bethsheba were reunited. David died in 1904 at a Veteran’s Home where the two lived together. Bethsheba returned to her daughter’s home and died a couple of years later.

The census of 1890 was destroyed by fire and Bartlett, Mo is a small unincorporated town with few records. Logging was big in that area. David was a cook in the infantry—maybe he cooked for the camps. David was missing for thirty years—from 1867 to 1897. We would love to know the rest of his story.


LETTERS OF DAVID TO HIS WIFE, BETHSHEBA AND
A LETTER OF BETHSHEBA TO HER HUSBAND

 

Memphis Tenasee March 15, ‘63

Deare Companion

I hav set Down to Direct A few Lines to you to Let you still no that I Am well & harty & hope that you Are All injoying the same Blessing I wrote you A Letter A few Days Ago & the next morning we Got marching orders & yesterday we Came Aborde of the Bote Bound Down the River towards vicksburgh But the exact Plase of our Destination I Cannot tell But I hav An Ida that we Are Going to make some new Rode for the troops to Get Behinde the Rebbles while I Am wrighting I Am setting in my Bunk & the Boys Are Loding on Cole for the trip But this will hav to Bee A short Letter A I have to Get it to the offis Befour we Leve the Plase I Got A Letter from Alfred this morning he was well & thay Are still At nashvill he says that the Boys Are well All But will fry he is in the hospital But I shall hav to Close I will wright soone & you must wright often & when you wright tell me All that you Can think off Give my Love to the Children Kiss Josey & sisey & Poor Little Marey for me for I wood not only Like to Kiss them But Also one from you & not only that But I wood Giv Aney thing to hav if it was But one week to spende with you I no that I wood injoy it I expect that Little siss is Allmoste Big enough to wene it semes A Long time to me At Leste since she was Born But if you shood weene hur Befour I get home I want to Get thare to fill hur Plase By your side for thare is whare I Long to Bee wright to me All that you Can think of But Adieu & may God Bless & Protect my swete ons

Your Husband D McKinney

Direct this Pioneere Corps 8 Divition Armey of weste tenasee
Care of Capt Young

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Camp Stoneman, D.C. June 16 [1865?]

Dear Companion I hav set Down to Let you no that I Am well & hope that you Are All injoying the same Blessing I Doo not no that I hav Aney thing to wright this morning that will Bee interesting to you But I hav thought I wood wright often & short Letters we Are stilly Laying heare in Camp hav nothing to Doo But Bee inspected or Reviewed & that is Allmoste evry Day But we Are Getting used to it & it Donte go quite so harde As it Did At first But the worst trouble with us now is we Donte Get enough to eate we never had so Little Rations All the time I hav Beene in the servis we Donte Get As much Rations now As we used to Draw for half Rations why it is so I Cannot tell unless it is to Get As maney to Disert As tha Can to Get thare Bounteys & Back Pay & thare Guns whitch wood Amount to About 200 Dollars & thar is Lots of them Diserting & Going home Just on account of the way thare Are used it is a Disgrase to humanaty & if thare was no Boddy Conserned But my self I wood not stay hear three Days But I Dare not Bring that Disgrase on those that Cannot help them selvs it Begins to Look Doutfull to me about Getting Pay soone for if we shood Get Pay now half of the Corps wood Disert & Go home so I Believe tha will Keepe Back the Pay so
that tha may Keepe them together I Am the worst Beete now that I ever was in my Life & if God forgives me for the Past I Believe that I hav Payed a Dear Prise for my Lerning At Least I hav Got my Lesson not onely By heart But to my harts Content I will tell you what we Get for A Day Rations Our Lovs of Bred for one Days Rations way About one Pound About four Bits of meate twise A Day Coffee twise A Day one mess of Beenes in five Days that Constituts our Rations that is the sum & substance & if this Course is Persued A Grate while the whole Corps will Brake up in A row for the men will not Put up with A Grate while Longer without making A fuss Abut the wey tha hav Bin used But I hav sayed enough & Perhaps too much Give my Love to All the Children & friends wright soone yours truly Your Husband D McKinney
Adieu

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February 19 1866

Dere companion

I hav taken my Pen in hand to answer your letter we receive your letter of the 8 a few days ago an was glad to here that you was well an your time was so nere out we hav nothing of importance to write times as hard as ever an very little work going on in peorie we her had a dreadful cold spell a goin on thare is a heep of snow on the ground yet Aby and Ru went up to John an it turned cold an they had to stay 3 days it looks as tho it would thought now alfers folks are all well an afared is holling coal an he has a job of halling till april I gess we will make our litter a short one as I can think of nothing of importance take good care of your self dave is on of the mischives little fellers that you ever seen an sis says she wont cry ery more if you will come home & charles and Jo is that is that bad that I can hardly live with them but they hav a good teacher for will is lit for nothing else but to teach them devilment I gess we will hav to close as to day is work day so good bye for the present for your wife
B McKinny
To D McKinny

You must excuse this durty envlope for it was little dave that dun it



 



DIARY TRANSCRIPT OF DAVID MCKINNEY



April 16
Today Continues Pleasant we are 18 miles Below New Madrid At Tiptonvill in tenasee nothing has hapned to Dey Beond the Common Rotin of soldier Life

April 17
This morning we got orders to move Down the River we left our Landing At 1 A Clock P.M. & Got to our Plase of Destination At 4 & was ordered Back to Cairo

April 18
We wheeled About & started for Cairo But had to ley up Part of the night But this morning finds us on our wey Agane we Got to Cairo about mid night & This morning still finds in Porte & it Raning & Colde the River verry high & still Rasing the River Lacking only one foot of the top of the Levee I sent a Letter home

April 20
This morning still finds us At Cairo it still Raning & Colde we Left this Plase for the Tenasee River But had to Cole and mound sitty for to Doo the trip & that took All Day & Night

April 21
This morning is still Raning. A young man By the name of Askey Killed A young…By the name of fry…with his neese in…we Are now on a … (Corner of page torn.)

April 22
This morning finds us A Considerable weys up the tenasee River & After A weeke of Cloudy & Raney weather with a Butifull Day & splendid River senery

April 23
This morning is Butifull we Landed At the olde Battle Ground of Shilo After Being on the Bote 10 Days I Got A Letter from home & sent one Back with some other things with Mr. Chapple

April 24
This morning finds us Camped a mile from the River…Companey Goes on…Guard too miles from… (Corner of page torn.)

April 25
This morning is Raney we was Releived At eleven A Clock & Returned to Camp the Rods from the Resent Ranes Being verry Bad

April 26
This Day is A Butifull one Nothing of importance except orderes to move out five miles & start At 7 in the morning I wrote a Letter home

April 27
This morning we took Brecfast & fell into Ranks for Inspection then tha had to make A Bridg Across A Sleio for the River had Backed up & that Kept us till Dark

April 28
This morning finds us At our Camp which we Reached At 12 A clock Last night the Long Role Beete But it was A false Alarm I wrote A Letter home

April 29
This morning the Ground is verry wet As it Raned Allmoste All night & we was without tents this morning our tents Came out too wet

April 30
This Day has Beene Cloudy & it sprinkled Rane All four noon I went on Guard At 9 A Clock

May 1
This morning I Came off Guard we was ordered to Advance five miles on thare Lines we Done so & halted in Line of Battle

May 2
This has Beene A Butifull Day Nothing Acouring But An accasionell shot between the Pickets

May 3
This has beene A Butifull Day we Drew our hats & I Drew A Pare of Pants I Got A Letter from Martha J Turbet & Answered it

May 4
This morning we struck our tents & marched 5 miles on thare Lines & it Raned All Day yesterday our Pickets had A fight with the Rebbles & Killed 15 & took 25 Prisners

May 5
This morning is Cloudy & it Rained All night we Are Cutting the timber of in front of our Lines to Keepe from Being taken on surprise I Got a Letter from home & Answered it

May 6
This Day has Beene A Butifull one our Pickets hav An ocasonel skirmish with the Rebbles I went on Guard Round the Camp

May 7
This Day Continues to Bee fine Nothing verry Perticular Thre Day I sent a Letter home & we Got orders to march in the morning father out on thare lines

May 8
This morning we was in Line & marching toward the Rebble Lines we Pased Thre Farmington & formed A Line of Battle we stade in Line till Dark & Retreted 1 mile & Camped for the night

May 9
This morning the enemy Came out & opned fire on us our Line was formed Down A Ravine & tha shot over us Lost our Loutenant Colonen By having his Leg Broke & he Dyed Abouth 9 Aclock that night & had too others missing & 18 woonded

May 10
This morning tha Are taking Care of the sick & woonded & Bering the Ded the woonded Being taken of the field when ordered to Retrete Alltho under A heavy fire of shot & shell

May 11
This morning I went on Picket Guard we formed our Lines But 4 hundred yards of the Rebble Pickets when tha saw us that fell Back with tare Lines

May 12
This morning All is quiet except the Rebbles Keeping the Rail Rode hot for the Run all night I Returned to Camp At noon & sent A Letter home

May 13
This Day has Beene A Butifull one our men took some Big Paret Guns out & Planted them to Bee Reddy for the Rebbles & tha Drove in thare Pickets
*our Captain was Elected magor
**our first Loutenant Captain
(This entry written in the back of the diary:
The thirteenth of May our Captan was Promoted to Magor our first Loutenant to Capain & second to first & our orderly sergant to second this was All occasioned By Loosing our Loutenant Colonel who Got his Leg Broke with a Canon Ball & Dyed At 9 A Clock that night)

May 14
This has Beene A Butiful Day Nothing of importance Accoured I went on Picket Guard & we took a Negro Prisner & it is supposed he is A sesh spy

May 15
This Day has Beene A Butifull the whole regiment Came out & was stationed At our Posts & our Line extended too miles & A half thare has some Canonading on the Line

May 16
This Day has Beene a Butifull one the Regiment Came off Grand Guard this four noone thare was heavy CanonAdeing on the right to Day I wrote A Letter home & sent it

May 17
This morning we Are ordered three miles in the front But Did not start Till After noon the wether is hot & the Rods verry Dusty I got A Letter from home & sent one Back we Got out at Dark & Comensed to thro up Brest work

May 18
This morning finds in Farmington intrenching our selvs to Protect us forom thes Canon Balls & shells it is A Butifull Day we finished our intrenshments By eleven A Clock A.M.

May 19
This Day has Beene A Pleasant one thare has Beene A Constant firing Betwene our Pickets & those of the Rebbels & heavy Canonading off to our Right

May 20
This Day is Pleasant owing to the Rane threw the night whitch Cooled the Are & Layed the Dust the Pickets still Continus to fire on one Another I writ A Letter home

May 21
This Day has Beene A Butifull one to Day there was ten thousand troops Gon out too Reiconouter & thare has Benne heavy Canonading off to our Right

May 22
This has Been A fine Day Nothing of importance I wrote A Letter home our Boys Planted some heavy siege Guns today

May 23
This morning we went on Picket Guard the Rebble Pickets Are shooting At our Boys when ever tha happen to shew themsevs & it Raned All Day

May 24
This morning is Cloudy & Coole from the Rane threw the night our men with three Canon & too Regiments Drove the Reblles Back I Got A Letter from home

May 25, Sunday
This has Beene A Pleasant Day Nothing of importance to Day I answered the Letter I Got from home yesterday & tonight our Companey Guard the trenches

May 26
This has been a Butifull Day the orders is to Drill 3 hours & A half each Day & we Commensed to Day this afternoon 6 of our Canon went out to Round for the Rebble Camp By throwing Balls in the timber

May 27
This Day has Beene a verry warm one nothing of Importance today I wrote a Letter home & washed A shurt & we got our Cartridgs exchanged for others

May 28
This Day has Beene extremely hot we Advansed on the Rebbles Lines one mile & A half & had A sharp incounter with them Lost quite a Number of men & horses & some of the men was sun stroke the heete was so excessive Last night we Dug intrenchments & this morning we went on out Poste Guard our men planted too heavy Guns on the hill above us that tore up the Rebbles Battery of 6 Guns whitch played on us All Day yesterday But with Little Afect

May 30
This morning Corinth is evacuated & our troopes marched into the Plase and Planted our Flag on thare Brest work & we started in hot Persuit at 6 A Clock this evening

May 31
This morning finds us About 8 miles from our ould Camping Ground & About the same from the town of Corinth we traveled Last night till About 9 A Clock & Came to A halt & Layed Down on our Blankets for to get some rest whitch we needed verry much for we slept But Little for too nights for one night we was digging & throwing up Brest works & the next night we was sent out on Picket Guard But Nothing of worthey of note took Plase

June 1

This morning we took up our Line of march after the Rebbles we traveled twenty miles over Bad Rods we Traveled south tward Boone vill Passing thre too A Little towns & stopped At Dusk this morning Befour we started I reisived A Letter from home

June 2
This Day has Beene A Pleasant one Nothing of importance to Day All is quiet in Camp I wrote A Letter home

June 3
This morning we Are ordered forward we started & marched 4 miles & went on Picket Guard & was ordered back Immediately & General Pope whole Davition Retreted Back to our ould Camping Ground

June 4
This Day has Beene fine Nothing of importance took Plase we Ley All Day in Camp I Received A Letter from home & wrote one Back this evning All is quiet

June 5
This Day has Beene Pleasant nothing of intrest we Ley still All four noone in Camp But At noone was ordered to Bee Ready to march At five in the evening But the order was Countermanded

June 6
This Day is fine Nothing transpired worthey of Note But we moved our Camp one mile west I wrote A Letter home

June 7
Today has Beene A Pleasant one nothing of importance Accoured During the Day we Are still in our new Camp

June 8, Sunday
This has Beene a Butifull one nothing of importance we had A surmon from Elder Hasen At three A Clock & we had orders to Coock three Day Rations

June 9
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance to Day I wrote A Letter & started it for home

June 10
This Day has Beene A Pleasant one nothing took Plase worthey of note we Are still in our ould Camp today I Got A Letter from home Dated the 3 of the month

June 11
This morning was fine was ordered to move Back 25 miles & the Rode was verry Dusty & A Grate number of the men Gave out & I stoped About 2 miles Befour we Got into Camp this morning I Commensed A Letter home But had not time to finish it

June 12
This morning I Got into Camp Befour Breckfast we Clened of our Camp & fixed our tents & I sent A Letter hom with ten Dollars in it to my Wife

June 13
This Day has Beene A Butifull wone I washed A shurt Pare of Pants & some other Little things & All is quiet in Camp

June 14
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing transpiring worthey of note I wrote A Letter home All is quiet in & Around Camp

June 15, Sunday
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance we got our Pay for too months for March & April today

June 16
This Day has Beene verry hot the four Part of the Day But this afternoone we had A Good Rane we was on Grand Guard This morning all is quiet

June 17
This Day has Beene Pleasant cince the Rane we Came of Guard this morning All is still in & Around Camp

June 18
This Day has Beene A Pleasant one we are still in our Camp I Got A Letter from home Dated the 10 & I had a severe head Acke All Day & Night

June 19
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance today I wrote A Letter home & to Day I Am Coock

June 20
This Day has Beene A Butifull one All is quiet in Camp I sent a Letter home today with Mr. Chapple with ten Dollars in hit & I Got A Letter from W. J. Fry

June 21
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing Accouring worthey of note I wrote A Letter to WJ Fry

June 22, Sunday
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance But All is quiet in Camp. I commensed A Letter home

June 23
This Day has Beene A Butifull one we Are in our oulde Camp & All is quiet I finished my Letter & sent it Captan Low

June 24
This Day has Beene A fine one All is quiet in Camp Today the news of the evacuation of Richmond Came to Camp

June 25
This Day has Beene A Butifull All is quiet I Got A Letter from home Written on the 16 & 17

June 26
This Day has Beene A Butifull one we had a Butifull show this Afternoon nothing of importance to Day Al is quiet

June 27
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance I wrote a Letter home

June 28
This Day we had a Butifull Rane & we neded one for the Rode has got verry Dusty & the wether is verry hot All is quiet

June 29
This Day has Beene Pleasant I went on Guard At 8 A Clock Guard over A Prisner & tonight our Regiment was ordered Away on too hours worning But I stopped in Camp

June 30
This Day has Been A fine one I was on Guard Last night today I went out & gathered some Black bareys & mad 2 pyes for supper

July 1
This Day has Beene a Pleasant one Nothing worthey of note all is quiet our Regiment is out 12 miles from Camp today H Shofe Got Back to Camp from home

July 2
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of Importance today I Got a Letter from home written the 26 of Last month with 8 stamps in it & I sente one home in Answer

July 3
This Day has Beene Pleasant Nothing Accouring But All is quiet I wrote A Letter home & sent it By the magor

July 4
This Day has Beene verry hot one of our Canoniers Got Badly Burned while firing A salute By the Axidental Discharge of his Gun I was out a Blackbering & we got orders to go to the Regiment in the mount

July 5
This Day has Beene extremely hot we marched to the Regiment About ten miles & took All the Camp Ecuifrage one of our men By the name of Aleck Speere was taken Prisner on the 2 Day of this month I Got a Letter from home

July 6
This morning & All day has Beene verry hot A Dispatch Came that the Rebbles was Advancing on us & we was ordered out to Receive them But it was A False Alarm

July 7
This Day has Beene verry hot we Came off Guard At 10 A Clock our schouts tell us that the enemy is Advancing I wrote A Letter home & I Drew A Pare of Pants

July 8
This Day has Beene excessively hot nothing of importance worthey of not I Done some washing to Day & Bathed in the Crick

July 9
This Day still Continues hot & Dry nothing of importance I Came off Guard At 9 A Clock

July 10
Today we had a Butifull Rane & it is Pleasant Nothing worthey of note

July 11
This has Beene A Pleasant Day nothing of importance But All is quiet

July 12
This Day has Beene warm But Pleasant we went on Grand Guard A 5 Aclock in the evening & I sent A Letter home with some verses

July 13, Sunday
This has Beene A Plesant Day nothing of importance All seemes to Bee quiet

July 14
This Day has Beene verry hot nothing worthey of note I went out A Black Bering & I took A walk Down to the Depo

July 15
This Day has Beene A fine one we went out on Bitalion Drill this morning for 2 hours I Got A Letter from home & one from Alfred

July 16
This Day is some Cloudy But Pleasant we went on Guard At 9 A Clock But All is quiet I sent A Letter home with ten Dollars in it was An Answer to one of the 5 of this month

July 17

This morning is wet & Raney it Raned All night Last night & it is Raning this morning All is quiet

July 18
This has Beene A Pleasant Day we hav nothing to Disturb us All is quiet I went on Guard this morning

July 19
This Day has Beene A fine one All is quiet I wrote A Letter home I Came off Guard At 10 A Clock

July 20, Sunday
This Day has Been a Butifull one nothing of importance took Plase I Got A Letter frome home written the 14 of this month

July 21
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance I Got A Letter from home & one from W J Fry

July 22
This Day has Beene verry hot nothing of importance Accouring I wrote too Letters one home & one to Nancy Fry

July 23
This Day has Been A Butifull one nothing of importance All is quiet this morning we Came away from the Pits it Raned all night

July 24
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance I was Detaled As A Beuriel escort to Day with 9 others

July 25, 26, 27---(erased)

July 28
This Day has Beene A fine This morning went out on Bregaid Drill for 2 hours All is quiet

July 29
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance to Day I sent A Paper home with A few Lines in it

July 30
This Day has Beene Cloudy & the Rane Pared Down for About 4 hours I was on Guard All is quiet

July 31
This has Beene A Butifull Day Coole & Pleasant this four noone we Drilled in the firings & this Afternoon on skirmish Drill nothing of importance took Plase All is quiet

August 1
This has Beene A verry warm Day we had General inspection in the four noone & Drill this Afternoon & I wrote A Letter home

August 2
This has Beene A Butifull Day nothing of importance But All is quiet I Got a Letter from home Daited the 26 of July I went on Guard At 9 A.M.

August 3, Sunday
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance we had A sermon from Elder Hasen At 7 A Clock

August 4
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance All is quiet I Got A Letter from home Daited 28 of July

August 5
This Day has extremily hot we went out on General inspection At 12 A Clock & I wrote A Letter home All is quiet

August 6

This Day has Beene A verry hot nothing of importance All is quiet

August 7
This Day has Beene A pleasan one Nothing of intrest All is still quiet in Camp

August 8
This Day has Beene verry hot I Got 2 Letters from home All is quiet I was Apointed to go home to Recruit for the Companey

August 9
This Day has Beene verry hot nothing of importance I Got a Pare of Pants & sined the Pay Roles

August 10, Sunday
This Day has Beene verry hot Nothing worthey of not But All is quiet we had Preeching A 7 A.M. & I Got a Letter from home

August 11
This Day Continues verry hot Nothing of importance has Acoured But All Continues to Bee quiet

August 12
This Day has Beene verry hot All is quiet I Got A Letter from W J Fry while on Guard As Picket

August 13
This Day has verry hot All is quiet I Got a Letter from Alfred & I wrote too home & sent A Paper to Abby Jane

August 14
This Day has Beene verry hot A Reporte is Going that the sesesh is Cllecting 25 miles south of us nothing further

August 15
This Day has Beene Pleasant Nothing of importance All is quiet I wrote A Letter to Alfred

August 16
This Day has Beene Pleasant we Got marching orders I Got A Letter home Dated the 1 of July with 8 stamps

August 17, Sunday
This Day is fine I Received A Letter from home Dated 10 & I sent one home with A Paper we hav orders to march At 5 in the morning

August 18
This morning we Left Camp At 7 A Clock Passing threw Jacinty the County of Sand—(unclear) we travled 18 miles it raned heavy

August 19
This Day has Beene Butifull we struck tents At 5 P.M. & travled 9 miles to the iuka springs A Butifull town & thare Camped for the night here we met our olde Brigade

August 20
This Day has Beene Pleasant we Left iuka At An early hour & marched 12 miles Crosing the Tuscumbia R & Camped on mie olde Camp whare he Burnt the Ralerode Bridge

August 21
This Day has Beene fine we sarted At 5 this morning & travled An esterly Corse About 12 miles & Camped Dane Crick one mile from the tenasee River

August 22
This Day has Beene hot & the Rode verry Dusty we Left our Camp At An erly hour & marched 9 miles & Camped South of Tuscumbia & Just as we Got our tents Piched it came A Drenching Rane

August 23
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance I went Down on Detale with A Comasary teame & I Commensed A Letter home But Did not finish it

August 24
This Day has Beene fine Nothing of importance we had A sermon from the Champlain At 4 P.M. All is quiet

August 25
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance I finished A Letter & sent it home This morning & this evening I Got one from home written on the 19 I Am on Grand Guard

August 26
This Day has Beene verry hot nothing of importance All is quiet the Boys Are Getting there Pay today After moving to Gane A Better Position for our Camp

August 27
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing worthey of note

August 28
This Day has Beene hot I wrote A Letter home & sent ten Dollars in it & I wrote one to John Lattershall[Tattershall]

August 29
This Day has Beene A Butifull one nothing of importance I sent A Letter to Martha Jane turbet

August 30
This Day has Beene verry hot I sent A Letter to John Lattershall & went on Picket Guard

August 31, Sundy
This Day the fore Part of it was verry hot this After noone it Raned Extremely hard I Gt A Letter from home & one from Alfred & Will Wilson from Camp Lyon I Came off Guard At 10 A Clock

September 1
The Day has Beene A fine one nothing of importance we had Dress Perade this evening I sent A Letter to Alfred & Wilson & one home

September 2
This Day has Beene hot nothing worthey note I went on Guard At 8 A Clock At the Battery on the mound By the Camp

September 3
This Day is fare the Regiment All went Down town to Lode our Comisary Stors to take them Back to Luka so that tha will Bee safe

September 4
This Day has Beene fine the Regiment is still Assisting to Get Away our stors so that we may Bee Prepared for Aney Amergancy I wen on Gard At 9

September 5
This Day has Been fare Nothing of importance the Regiment went out on A schout the stors hav Beene All taken to Corinth I Am still on Guard

September 6
This Day is Pleasant I Came of Guard At 9 & went Down town on a Pass with some Letters for the Post ofis & Returned At 5 P.M.

September 7 Sunday
This Day has Beene fine Nothing of moment we had A surmon At 4 A Clock & Prayer meeting At night All is quiet we hav orders to march At 7 in the morning

September 8
This Day has Beene Pleasant we Left our Camp At 7 & started west 9 miles & Campped for the night the Rods is verry Dusty & the heate oppresive

September 9
This Day we was in Line of march At 7 for iuca we had A Good Rane Last night & it is more Plasant travling we hav a trane of nigroes Allmoste As Longe as thare is of troops

September 10
This Day has Beene Plesant we marched 23 miles yesterday & Got to iuca At 10 P.M. & thare we Lay All Day to Day But to night we hav orders to march in the morning At 5

September 11
This Day has Beene Pleasant we Left our encampmen this morning at 5 & started for Burnsvill About 9 miles Distant At whitch Plase we Arived About 12 N All is quiet

September 12
This Day was fine Last night we expected to Remane here for too or three night But At 12 A Clock At night we was ordered out we marched 25 miles & Camped At noone At Clere Crick

September 13
This Day has Beene A Butifull one the Reporte Came to us today that the Rebbles ha taken Luca and Burnt the Bridg I Got A Letter & one from Martha J Turbet

September 14 Sunday
This Day was Pleasant we went out on A forigen Party About 9 miles nothing of importance All is quiet in this camp

September 15
This Day has Beene Pleasant nothing of importance I sent A Letter home & ten Dollars in it one to matha J Turbet All is quiet

September 16
This Day has Beene verry hot nothing of importance I went on Grand Guard At 5 P.M. All is quiet

September 17
This Day we had A fine Rane & the are is Cool we went of Guard At 5 P.M. & in About twenty minuts After we reached Camp we was ordered to Pack up & move in A few minuts we were in Line we moved out on the Rode to form & then marched About half a mile & it Being so Dark that we was ordered Back to Camp till the moone shood Rase

September 18
This morning we was in Line At 1 A.M. we forme our 4 Line & march out to Get the Bregade in order to march that Being Done it Cmmensed to Rane & it was so Dark that we was ordered to halt till Daylight it Continued to Rane till About 10 A Clock & Clered off But it was verry slippery walking But we marched At A Brisk Rate till one A Clok with out Aney Breckfast But A hard Cracker whitch we eat As we marched Along At 2 we halted made some Coffee to Drink to our hard Crackers After Resting we moved Abot 7 or 8 miles & Camped for the night After traveling 27 or 28 miles

September 19
This morning the Drums Beete At 3 A clock we Got Breckfast & started At 5 & this mornigs the news of the Distruction of the whole of the Rebble Armey in Verginia Reached us & the schouts are on the lookout for the say that we Are Close on the Rebble Prise At 10 A Clock we stopped to Rest & Get watter & Got Dinner the we moved on for A Bout 2 hours & Came to A nise frame house whare too of our men was shot this morning & General Rosecrans Gave orderes to Burn All to the Ground in a few minuts after we Left the house tha opened fire in our front we was marched up too the Right to supporte those Regiments that ware ingaged & whitch suffered verry much we Lost one killed & 5 woonded

September 20
All night we slept on our Arms All night & we Lay within 20 yds of some of the Rebbles But About 12 in the night tha Commensed to Retrete from iucah at shitch we found that thare Commensed to move out of the Plase About Midnight this morning we Are in Persuite of them we followed them till sundown & Camped for the night our Loss in All Killed 63 But I Believe it much Grater

September 21 Sunday
This morning we Got up & was in Line At An erly house & this morning we Changed our Corse from south to west Leving Prises trale & striking for Corinth we travled About 10 miles & Camped for the night

September 22
This morning we started for Yasinto on our Reut for Corinth we marched 7 miles to An olde Camp & stoped About 12 A Clock I wrote A Letter home

September 23
This Day has Beene fine But inclined to Rane I went out a foragin & I Got A Letter from home & one from Martha J Turbet to night we have ordered to march At 5 in the morning

September 24
This morning we started At 5 A Clock & marched west to Rienza 7 miles the same Plase we Left 5 weks Ago the Reported Loss of the Last Battle 225 Killed & 475 woonded

September 25
This Day has Beene Coole we Are still in Camp yet nothing of importance I wrote A Letter to Martha J & one to Alfred

September 26
This Day has Beene fine the whole Regiment went on Guard this After noon we had A fine Rane All is quiet

September 27
This Day has Beene Pleasant we Came off Guard & Are moving our Camp A few feete to the Rear of whare we first formed our Line All is quiet

September 28
This Day has Beene Cloudy & Rained some I Got A Letter from home & sent one Back All is quiet

September 29
This Day has Beene fine we went out on A forgen Party it is Reported that our Pickets was Atcted today By the Rebbles to Killed & severall woonded I Received A Letter from John Lattershall & sent one Back

September 30
This Day has Beene fine nothing of importance this evening we have orders to march At 5 in the morning with 2 Days Rations I Got A Letter from home & A Sunday School Paper

October 1
This morning we started At 5 & travled west for About 12 miles west & thare we Rested till 5 in the evening then we Abouted fase & marched 6 miles Back & then took A north west Corse to a Little town Called Kossuth we travled from 5 in the morning till 12 N & from 5 in the eveing till 12 At night Laying over from 12 till 5 we travled About 30 miles the weather fine

October 2
This Day the the morning is fine we Left Kossuth & marched About 4 miles & Camped we had A fine shour this morning the enemey is Reported At Bolivar About 40 miles from heare today we moved A Northe East Corse to the Tuscumbia River & tonight finds Camped on its Bank

October 3
This morning we was Called up At 4 A clock & marched About 4 miles & halted At An olde Camp we Layed in this Camp About 3 hours & then was ordered to Renforse General McKean we then marched 3 or 4 miles we then was ordered into Line & forward with fixed Bayonets & we forwarded thre A hot fire from the Rebble Line our Cornel fell shot threw the heart then Captan Adnrews of Co G took Command of the Regiment & in A few minuts he fill mortaley woonded & the Captan of Co K was shot Ded on the fielde we suffered Considerable to what extent I Cannot tell we had to Retreate for the Rebbles had A Cross fire on us while Retreting I picked up one of our men & in taking Care of him I Lost my Gun we Came one the Ground Later in the Day & was ingaged 2 hours & with Darkness onley the firing cesed

October 4
This Day the firing Commensed At 4 A clock and Continued with out sesation till About 12 N sometimes our men falling Back & then the Rebbles wood Giv Away But At 2 A clock tha fled in Disorder Leving thare Ded & woonded on the field & At 6 A Clock Camps A & F went on Grand Guard But was ordered Back to the Regiment

October 5, Sunday
This morning the order is forward After the Rebbles for tha Are All Running As fast As thare Leggs will Carrey them we started About 9 A Clock & followed them About 10 miles on the Rode we took whitch was west Along the memphis & Charlston Rail Rode & the Reporte is that our men is After them on evry Rode Runing south & south west when we stopped for the night the Reporte was that Prise was 6 or 8 miles Ahead & that thare flight has Beene intersepted By one Divition of our Armey

October 6
This morning the fine we took up our Line of march After Prise After we travled About 4 miles we Began to see the effects of the Retreting Rebbles tents & Bagage of All description Amunition wagons Artillery Cariges & Casings we followed them to the hatche River thare the Burned the Bridg here we stoped for to Rest & water our selvs & horses & take some Rest (15 miles)

October 7
This morning At three Aclock we was Called up & started After Prise we marched till 8 A Clock & stoped for Breckfast we started on in Persuite the Day verry hot & the Rode extremely Dusty in the middle of the Rode in maney Places 4 inches Deepe About 2 A Clock our Advanse Guard Came on the Rebbles Rere Guard & our men took a number of them Prisner At 3 we stopped to Rest & take Dinner our Corse today is Due south the Country All the way verry Broken & But few farms or Bildings on the Rode we Rested from 3 till 7 & then we marched till 11 At night when we was Brought to A halt for our Advanse Came to the Rebble Line of Pickets

October 8
This morning is fine the Reporte is that the Rebbles hav stopped & Are A waighting for us Down Below But I Doo not Believe it for we hav orders to Lay here today to Awate further orders

October 9
This morning is Butifull But verry Dry & the Dust verry Bad we was ordered to march About 4 miles to A Crick Called owl Crick we started the Roade was hilley But a fine Country & we found a Butifull Camp


October 10
This morning At 9 A Clock we was stopped At our old Campe where we Camped one weeke Ago Day Befour yesterday when on our wey to Corinth After Running Prise & his Armey 50 miles & scattered them All over the Countrey & taking A Grate maney of them Prisners this Afternon it Rained verry hard & the Rode was very slippery After travling 20 miles we went into Camp for the night

October 11
This morning we was on our Rout for Corinth By the way of Kossuth thre whitch Plase we Passed About 10 A Clock we travled 15 miles & Camped for the night on the Tuscumbia River five Companeys of our Regiment went on Grand Guard

October 12
This morning we started for Corinth 4 miles Distant we marched to within one mile of town & thare halted After travling About 90 miles After the fight Befour Corinth hear we Got the first male that we hav had for too weeks I Got too Letters from home on with a Picture of my wife & Childe & one from Martha Jane here we went into Camp to Rest for A while & Recriute up & Companey A Got 11 new Recruits

October 13
This Day has Beene A Pleasant one nothing of importance took Plase thre the Day I wrote A Letter home

October 14
This Day has Beene fine I Got A Pass to town & to viset the 5 Iowa Reg. But Did not Get to see Joseph Miskimons As he was Detailed in the hospitall I wrote A Letter to Martha J turbet

October 15
This Day is still fine the nights Coole nothing of importance All is quiet

October 16
This Day was fine nothing of importance All is quiet

October 17
This Day has Ben a Butifull one we had Batalian Drill A 2 Aclck P.M. All is quiet

October 18

This Day has Beene A fine one The Regiment went out foragin & I wrote a Letter home & sent A Paper & I Got one from home Dated the 13

October 19, Sunday
This Day has Beene A Butifull one we had Colonel thrushs funerall Preached today All is quiet

October 20
This Day has Beene fine Last night was verry Coole & this morning a heavy frost we went on Grand Guard A 8 this morning All is quiet

October 21
This Day has Beene A Butifull one we Came off Guard At 9 A Clock

October 22
This Day Continues nise I went with 3 others of Co. A out A Foragin All Continues quiet

October 23
This Day has Beene A Butifull one we went out on Companey Drill this morning & this Afternoon on Batalion Drill All is quiet I wrote A Letter home

October 24
This Day has Beene A Butifull one this evening has turned quite Coole All is quiet

October 25
This Day has Beene Colde & Disagreable & this evening it is snowing All is quiet

October 26
This Day has Beene Chilley & Cololde the snow that fell Last night melted off I wrote A Letter home

October 27
This Day has Beene Pleasant nothing of importance I went out on A forigen expadition All is quiet

October 28
This Day has Beene Pleasant nothing of much importance I Got A Letter from Alfred stating that he was woonded in the Ankel But that morning he was Able to walk A Little without A Crutch that was on the morning of the 22 & I wrote Back to him All is quiet heare

October 29
This Day has Beene Pleasant we went out on Grand Guard this morning & today I witnessed the Beuriel of too negrows As I was Permitted to viset the negro Camp some of them seme to Bee verry Devoted while the Grate magority of them Are Deeply Depraved All is still quiet But our men Are still fortafiing tha hav 3 forts now under wey whitch I Believe will prove A formadeble Barier to prise & his forse

October 30
This Day has Beene fine we Came off Picquet Gard this morning our Regiment when not on Guard or other Duty is Detailed to Cut timber for the forts & Also to Get A Longer Range with our Guns nothing of importance All is quiet

October 31
This Day has Beene fine we was mustered for Pay & At 1 A Clock the Regiment went to work on forte Madison intrenching Around it & the town of Corinth will soone Bee A Belt of works I Got A Letter from martha Jane & I wrote one home All is quiet

November 1
This Day has Beene fine 30 of our Companey was working on forte Madison & this evning we hav marching orders to start At 6 in the morning

November 2
This morning we started At An erly hour & took the Riply Rode we travled to the tuscumbia River About 15 miles & Camped for the night this morning I Got A Letter from home

November 3
This morning After A Good nights Rest we started on our to Bolive Passing the olde Battle Ground on the hatch River & About 12 N we Came to whare the Rebbles stood Piquet Last night we travled 15 miles & Camped for the night our Regiment standing Piquet Guard

November 4
This morning was verry Coole we started for Grand Junction At An erly hour some 12 miles At whitch Plase we Reached About 4 A Clock P.M. & it a Butifull situation At the Crossing of the memphis & Charlston & A Rail Rode Running north & south After Passing threw the town we marched 4 miles & Camped for the night After travling About 20 miles our Advance Drove the Rebble Picquets

November 5
This morning is Butifull we Ley hear All Day But sente out a Recorniter Partey Consenting of one Battery of 6 Guns & too Regiments of infantry & some Cavelry & the Reporte the Rebbles Leving holley springs & the Boys Got 2 Beehives today & we had A feaste of hunney At 5 P.M. & theis evening loocks Like Rane & it is verry windy

November 6
This morning is Pleasant no Rane yet this morning tha hav sent Back to Corinth for All our Bagage & from All Appearance thare is A forward movement Generalley on hande & the news this evning Are that the Rebbles Are Leving holley springs & moving farther south for what Point is yet unknown the Boys were thare hocking evry thing tha Can ley thare hands on the Beehives & fresh meete of All Kinds sweete Potatoes for thare is no such thing As Irish Potatoes in this Country tha Call it Gray hocking for tha Donte think it is steeling we Are still in Camp without order to march forward

November 7
This Day has Beene fine nothing of importance At one time we was ordered to march in one hour & then the order was Countermanded I commensed write A Letter home & tha tolde me thare was no Chance for to send male & I stopped we had A viset today from John fuller & henry Couser for the first time although we hav Beene maney times Close togather All is quiet

November 9
This Day has Beene Butifull we Are still in Camp Grand Junction I wrote A Letter to John Lattershall All is quiet

November 10
This Day has Beene fine nothing of importance no more than some skirmishing in front

November 11
This Day has Beene fine I Pade A viset to the 32 Ills Reg & saw the fuller Boys henry Cusier & Dave & A Number of the Boys that I was Accuainted with this evening Looks Like Rane

November 12
This morning is verry Cloudy & some Rain fell threw the night & the Dust whitch was suffocating is Layed & the weather is more Pleasant this evning our trane Came up with A number of our Convelasent whitch was Left Back At Crinth & this Afternoon I wrote A Letter home & had it posted

November 13-20 (missing)

November 21
This Day has fine I went on Guard this morning nothing of importance has Passed through the Day

November 22
This Day has Beene fine nothing of importance I sent A Letter home

(The diary at this point is hard to read since the pages are all but erased. The text is as complete as possible with ellipses indicating undecipherable passages.)

November 23, Sunday
This Day has Beene Pleasant…I Drew A Pare of Pants…this evening I Got A letter from home & one from John Lattershall

November 24
This Day has Beene A Butfull Day nothing of importance I was Detaled to Go After Beefe All semes quiet in front

November 25
This Day has Beene Coole we Came out on Regimentall Drill At 10 A Clock & …Drawd some Clothing this Afternoon

November 26
This Day has Beene fine nothing of importance

November 27
…Grand Guard this evening & I had a Letter from home

November 28
This morning we took up our Line of march At 8 for holley springs we marched 15 miles & Camped for the night

(The diary ends here when it runs out of space.)


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Copyright Janine Crandell & all contributors
All rights reserved
Updated May 12, 2006