History of Peoria County, Illinois
BASLER NICHOLAS, farmer and grape-grower, Sec. 10. P. O. Kickapoo. Mr. Basler is a son of Philip and Eve Basler nee Stough, and was born in Germany, 31st May, 1825. he spent the years of his minority in his father’s vineyard, and was thoroughly educated as a grape grower. He immigrated to America in the twenty-second year of his age, and landed at St. Louis, remained a short time and then went to Cincinnati, O., where he found employment among the vineyardists of that city for eight years. He united in marriage with Miss Catherine, daughter of Godfried and Magdelena Finck nee Houk, on the 29th day of February, 1851, and came to Illinois and settled at their present home in April, 1855. They had little but their German pluck with which to commence their home, but they fought bravely and well. They settl4ed on wild land covered with a thick growth of small trees and underbrush. Mrs. Basler, although a small, frail woman, often helped her husband with the grubbing hoe, and otherwise in clearing the land, as well as in the planting and harvesting seasons, They worked and saved on their forty acre farm, and now own 120 acres valued at $30 per acre. A part of the old homestead is devoted to grapes and small fruit, which yield handsome profits. They were raised in the faith of the German Lutheran Church, to which they still adhere. They have two children. John was born at Cincinnati, O., 2nd September, 1852, and Robert was born at the present homestead 2nd December, 1858.
BELL GEORGE, farmer, Sec. 18, P. O. Alta. Son of William and Mary Bell nee Stephens, was born in Ohio, 15th December, 1833. His father was a journeyman tanner, and moved from place to place as he could find employment. As soon as he was old enough, George commenced to work at whatever he could find to do, but mostly among the farmers of the neighborhood where his father lived, so that it may be said he was educated as a tiller of the soil. On the 18th day of March, 1857, at Cincinnati, O., he was united in marriage with Mary, daughter of John A., and Elizabeth Harris nee Leslie, who was born in Fayette Co., O., 18th May, 1838. In September of that year, 1857, they came to Tazewell Co., this State, remained there one year, and then went to Des Moines Co., Iowa. After three years in Iowa, they came back to Illinois, and have since remained in Peoria county. A part of the time they lived in the city of Peoria, where Mr. Bell engaged as fireman on a ferry boat, and part of the time as engineer at the pottery. In February, 1865, he enlisted in Company G., 77th Illinois. The war closed in April, and Mr. Bell returned home in June. During the remainder of that year he engaged as a common laborer, and in the Spring of 1866, he leased a farm of R. M. Cole, which he occupied five years. In 1871, he moved to Abram Fry’s place in Kickapoo township, which he occupied until the Spring of 1878, and then became a tenant on the farm of Robert Campbell in Sec. 1, Kickapoo township, on which he remained until the Spring of 1880, when he removed to his own quarter section as above, which he had previously purchased. This tract of land is valued at $25 an acre. They have had seven children, Elizabeth Jane and James William, twins, were born 23rd May, 1859, John Franklin, born 28th February, 1861, Ida May and Elmer Ellsworth, twins, born 13th February, 1863, Elmer E., died 11th July, and Ida May, 11th October, same year, Luella Augusta, born 17th August, 1867, Cornelius Leslie, born 8th March, 1873. Mrs. Bell was baptized in the Baptist faith, to which she still clings. Mr. Bell has no church membership, Politically he is an independent Democrat.
BEST PETER, farmer, Sec. 16, P. O. Kickapoo, son of Jacob and Elizabeth Best, nee Ebberlay, was born in Franklin county, Pa., January 9, 1836. In the last days of October, 1843, the family left Pennsylvania to find a home in Illinois, traveling from Chambersburg to Pittsburg in a one-horse wagon. From Pittsburg they came to Peoria by boat, arriving in December. Temporary provision was made at Peoria for the accommodation of the mother and smaller children, and about five o’clock of a cold, stormy day, the father and three of the older children, including Peter, set out on foot for Kickapoo village, which they reached about 11 o’clock, and found a shelter at John Schlenk’s old pioneer hotel. A few weeks later the family settled on a tract of land purchased in Rosefield, where the children were raised, and on which the father died, in December, 1874, at the age of eighty. She has eight living children, fifty-eight grandchildren and sixteen great-grandchildren. Peter Best, the subject of this sketch, grew to manhood in Rosefield, with such school advantages as the times afforded. On the 21st December, 1858, he married Mary, daughter of Adam and Margaret Eisenbour nee Geiger, who was born in Baden, Germany, 16th June, 1839. They lived two years on the Best homestead, and remained in the township until 1869, when they came to Kickapoo, and in 1870 to their present place. They now own 505 acres of land, valued at $35 an acre, besides valuable personal property. Democratic in political sentiment, and Catholic in religious faith. They have nine children—Adam J., born Sept. 27, 1859, educated at Parish’s Peoria Business College, and graduated therefrom May 1, 1879; Jacob F., born July 17, 1861, Elizabeth A., August 6, 1863, Joseph V., Sept. 12, 1865, Matilda M., July 2, 1867, Peter M., November 24, 1869, Anna M., April 3, 1872, Mary A., Aug. 20, 1874, Frances B., Jan. 25, 1878.
BURDETT JOSEPH, farmer, P. O. Peoria, son of John and Sarah Burdett, nee Sharman, was born at Sutton Bassett, Northamptonshire, England, September 7, 1826. He attended the free schools of England from the time he was six and a half until he was eleven and a half years of age, and was then set to work on a farm, and at the age of seventeen years commenced working in the mines. July 22, 1849, he married Ann, daughter of John and Martha Fowles, nee Bagley, who was born on the 20th day of July, 1829. In the early Spring of 1850, he left England and his wife to make a home for her in America; landed in New York on the 18th day of May, proceeded to Ohio, and there found work by which he earned money enough to carry him to Illinois, and arrived at Peoria in November of that year. Worked in Aquilla Moffatt’s coal mines, as a miner for two years, September 1, 1851, his wife joined him. In 1853, he commenced operating in coal on his own account. In 1857, he purchased the first 80 acres of the present homestead; began to improve it in 1860, and came to live on it in February, 1863. He has since added another 80 acres, making 160 acres in the home place, which is highly cultivated, and valued at $50 an acre; also owns another 160 acres in section 27, valued at $25 an acre. Politically Mr. Burdett is an uncompromising Democrat; was elected supervisor in 1868, and re-elected six years in succession; in 1879 he was again elected. Mr. B. is also a practical farmer, and an active member of the Patrons of Husbandry, and has been master of the South Kickapoo Grange, No. 446, since its organization, May 16, 1873. He is also president of the Peoria County Grange Co-operative Association, and a member of the Big Hollow Butter and Cheese Manufacturing Company. They have had ten children; Joseph, born in England, 6th May, 1850; married Jane Benn, 5th July, 1871; Josephine, born Peoria county, 15th December, 1852, died 11th March, 1864; Arthur, born 19th June, 1854, died 1st October, 1855; Anna, born 10th February, 1856, married William Benn, 5th July, 1879; Sarah, born 7th November, 1857; Alfred, born 11th September, 1859, died 23rd December same year; Stephen A. D., born 29th January, 1861; Isaac, born 27th September, 1862; John, born 18th April, 1864; Martha, born 8th March, 1866; died 4th April following. The father and mother were baptized in the Church of England.
EDWARDS S. S. merchant, Edwards Station, is a son of Thomas and Elenor Edwards, nee Scott, and was born in Hampshire county, Va., Feb. 18, 1827, and came with his parents to Rosefield township in the Spring of 1835. In 1857, when the Peoria, Oquawka and Burlington, now the C., B. & Q., Railroad, was completed, he removed from the farm to Edwards Station, where he opened a grocery and provision store, and was appointed station agent by the railroad company; was also appointed the first postmaster in the place. In the Spring of 1862, he removed his family back to the farm and enlisted in Co. K 77th Illinois. He was elected second lieutenant, and subsequently promoted to first lieutenant, and served three years, fourteen months of which time was spent in the rebel prison at Camp Ford, Texas; rations were sometimes nothing but a handful of corn a day to each prisoner. After returning home he engaged in farming until February, 1877, when he again removed to Edwards Station and opened a general store. He was appointed postmaster the same year, in which capacity he is still serving. December 18, 1851, he married Miss Mary J., daughter of Rev. Jacob Schamp, who was born May 4, 1825. They have had seven children—Florence Virginia, born Nov. 21, 1852, died Sept. 29, 1853; Thomas Justin , born Dec. 23, 1853; William Henry, born Oct. 6, 1855; Mary Susan, born Feb. 23, 1857; Isadore Jane, born Aug. 9, 1859; Charles Hamilton, born Dec. 23, 1861; Edward David, born April 17, 1866, died March 2, 1867. Mr. Edwards is Republican in political faith and practice. Mrs. Edwards is a member of the M. E. Church.
EVANS ISAAC B. coal miner, Pottstown, P. O. Peoria, was born in Glamorganshire, Wales, Nov. 10, 1821. His parents, Isaac and Jemima Evans, nee Waters, came to America when he was three years old, settling in Florence, Washington county, Pa., where they remained ten years. At the age of fourteen, Isaac was apprenticed to the trade of a machinist. At the end of eighteen months he lost his eyesight. He subsequently traveled a number of years, seeking such employment as his impaired eyesight would permit, finally settling in Canton, Ill. In 1864-5 he had his eyes treated by Dr. J. Perrin Johnson, of Peoria, who succeeded in restoring the sight of one eye after five years of blindness. In 1868 he came to Pottstown, where, on Dec. 24 of that year, he married Eliza, daughter of Wm. S. and Sarah Jones, nee Potts, who was born in England, Nov. 22, 1843. Mr. E. returned to Pottstown in 1875, and dealt in groceries and notions. He served one term as constable, and was elected and is now acting as justice of the peace; is also operating a leased coal mine. He has three children—Sarah Ann, born July 26, 1870; Geo. F., born May 27, 1876, and Leon L., Dec. 29, 1878.
FINCK JOHN, farmer and grape grower, Sec. 10, P. O. Kickapoo, son of John and Magdalena Finck, nee Houk, was born near Wurtemburg, Germany, Dec. 19, 1817, and was educated as a German farmer. He came to America, spent three years in Penn., then went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and remained about four years, during which time, in 1853, he united in marriage with Catharine Fredericka Raff, who was born in Germany, Aug. 18, 1834. In 1856 they removed to Illinois and settled at the present homestead and commenced to make a farm in the timber and brush, and by their united industry have a comfortable home. They had eight children—John William, born at Cincinnati, Ohio, Aug. 19, 1855, Fritz J., born at the present home, Jan. 2, 1857, john, born Nov. 19, 1858, Robert, born Feb. 27, 1861, Caroline, born Feb. 18, 1863, Louisa Frederika, born Feb. 4, 1866, Nicholas, born June 4, 1868, David, born April 5, 1870. Mrs. Finck died Sept. 11, 1874. The parents were raised in the faith of the German Lutheran Church. Politically Mr. Finck has always been Republican. He owns forty acres of land, part of which is devoted to grape growing valued at $50 an acre.
FRYE BENJAMIN D. farmer, Sec. 1, P. O. Peoria, is the son of Abram and Eleanor Frye nee Campbell, born in Richwoods township, Nov. 26, 1840, and grew to manhood on the old homestead. In the Fall of 1863 he married Sarah D. Johnson, daughter of Joseph Johnson, who was born in Peoria about 1843. Soon after marriage he enlisted in Co. A., 77th Ill.; returned May 28, 1865, and took possession of the farm on which he now resides. His wife died July 17, 1869, leaving one child, George W., born May 30, 1866. He re-married May 8, 1873, with Ellen M., daughter of John and Eliza Batten nee Jeffries, who was born in the city of Peoria Aug. 29, 1850. They have four children—Clara E., born April 23, 1874, Eugene, Sept. 1, 1875, Mabel, July 17, 1877, Elizabeth B., April 16, 1879. Mrs. Frye is of the Presbyterian faith, and Mr. Frye Baptist. Politically he is a Republican. He is a son of one of the oldest settlers, his father having come to Peoria county in 1833.
GLAZE RICHARD, coal miner and farmer, Sec. 35 P. O. Peoria, is a son of William Glaze, and was born in Staffordshire, England, Oct. 15, 1832, and was raised in Warwickshire as a miner. May 27, 1855, he married Sarah, daughter of Joseph and Harriet Hodson, who was born March 4, 1833. Mr Glaze came to America in advance of his wife and daughter Agnes, arriving in July, 1862. He stopped in Michigan a short time, and in September came to Hale’s Mill, where he was joined by his wife and child in November, and where they have continued to reside, except a few months spent in Colorado by Mr. G. in 1878, engaged as above. They have had four children—Agnes, born in Fozeley Tamworth, England, Dec. 7, 1861, George Washington, born at Hale’s Mills, April 13, 1864, Harriet, born Aug. 22, 1865, died Nov. 27, 1879, Sarah Ann, born Oct. 8, 1870, died Dec. 23 following. Mr. G. is Republican in politics. He owns fifteen acres of land, valued at $75 an acre.
HALLER CHRISTINA M. farmer, Sec. 11, P. O. Peoria. Mrs. Haller is a daughter of Jacob and Christina Hoerner, nee Grill, and was born in Wurtemburg, Germany, May 2, 1823. When she was eight years of age her parents came to America, and settled at Cincinnati, Ohio. On the 15th of May, 1842, she united in marriage with Conrad Haller, a butcher, and remained at Cincinnati until 1850; came to Illinois and stopped in Peoria until March, 1851; then settled on the present Haller homestead, on which the second cabin in the township was erected, 1n 1834, by John L. Wakefield. They had eight children—Jacob, born March 10, 1843, died February 23, 1844; Conrad, born January 20, 1845; Frederick, born April 19, 1846; Jacob, (2) born January 17, 1848, died June 2, 1849; George, born January 20, 1850; Catharine, born October 8, 1851; Rosina, born April 11, 1853; Christina, born November 27, 1855. Mr. H. died November 9, 1855. The daughters were educated for the profession of teaching, at the Peoria Normal School, from which they graduated with honors. The Haller family, parents and children, were raised under the religious teachings of the German Lutheran Church. The homestead embraces 160 acres of highly improved land, worth $50 per acre.
HOLMES HARRIET E. farmer, Sec. 36, P. O. Peoria. Mrs. Holmes is an adopted daughter of the late Judge William Hale. She was born in Oswego county, New York, and was adopted by that gentleman when she was about two and a half years old, and when Judge Hale came to Kickapoo, in September, 1836, was about nine years of age. She was as carefully nurtured and educated, and as liberally provided for as if she had been an own child, and she cherishes the memory of her adopted father very sacredly. She possess an apt and ready mind; has written several poems of merit. One poem, dedicated to the memory of her eldest son, DeSilva, “Her Boy with the Nut-Brown Hair,” who died a soldier in Florida, was a wail from a loving mother’s heart. It found a place in the columns of many a newspaper, and is still preserved in many a scrap-book as a gem of real worth. On the 28th day of April, 1844, she was united in marriage with Jesseniah Holmes, who died in March, 1875. They had seven children: DeSilva, who enlisted in the U. S. Army and died in Florida; Martha, who married John Wolstenholme; Pauline, who married James Phillips; George D., Ira and Edward. Mrs. H. owns 160 acres of land, valued at $50 an acre.
HOWARTH RICHARD, a farmer and stock-grower, Sec. 30, P. O. Edwards Station. The subject of this sketch is a representative man of an English community in this township, the individual members of which are noted for their economy, thrift, prosperity and high moral character. He was born in Lancashire, England, April 12, 1824, and is the sixth son and one of twelve children of Richard and Martha Howarth, nee Greenwood, who were married in 1805. He was born and raised in a mining district, to which business he was educated. His family sailed from Liverpool on the 23rd day of February, 1842, and after stopping a while at St. Louis, reached Kickapoo in September, and settled on the farm he now occupies. Their first American home was a sod house, which was in great contrast with his present large stone residence. In 1844, sickness came upon the family and at one time they were all down together, not one of them being able to help the other. The father and Samuel, one of the sons, died within a week of each other, in August of that year. The memory of the neighbors, James Clark, the Bensons, and Bishop Chase, is dearly cherished by Mrs. Howarth, for kindness in t6hat time. The mother died in May, 1851. Richard Howarth commenced to Americanize as a miner and farmer, and so continued until 1867-8, when he abandoned the former. On the 25th day of October, 1849, he married Alice, daughter of Thomas and Ellen Lonsdale, nee Halstead, who was born in Lancashire, England, October 10, 1828, and came America in 1843. They commenced life on the Howarth homestead, which they have always occupied, and where, by their industry and economy they have acquired an extensive and valuable landed property. They have had two children: Samuel, born August 29, 1850, died August 21, 1851; Martha Ellen, born December 24, 1851, married William Taylor, April 12, 1876. Religiously, the family are of the Protestant faith. Politically, Mr. H. is a Republican.
JOHNSON JOHN, Sen., retired, res. Sec. 36, P. O. Chillicothe, is a well preserved representative of physical manhood. He was born in Campbell county, Kentucky, 5th November, 1797. In 1799 his parents, William and Eunice Johnson nee Petty, removed from Kentucky and settled in what is now Switzerland county, Indiana, where he grew to manhood. His educational advantages were confined to the subscription schools of the period. On the 25th of December, 1823, he united in marriage with Miss Hannah, daughter of Caleb and Jane Mounts nee Walleck, who was born in Fayette county, Pa., 22d March, 1805. In September, 1831, Mr. and Mrs. Johnson loaded all their household effects on an ox wagon and in company with two or three other families they started for Illinois. They arrived at Peoria on the 7th day of October, 1831, and soon after Mr. J. rented a farm from Peter Menard, above Mossville, which he occupied for three years. He continued in that neighborhood until 1836, and then made a claim to a tract of 240 acres of land near the present site of Jubilee College, which he purchased from the Government in 1837. Here he improved and occupied the farm until 1841, when he sold the land to Bishop Chase, and purchased 200 acres in Sec. 13, Kickapoo township, residing there until their removal to his present home in March, 1880. While a resident of Indiana, Mr. Johnson served four years as Lieut.-Colonel of the 44th Regiment Indiana State Militia, and the old records testify of his efficiency as an officer. He also served three years as deputy sheriff of Switzerland county. Since his residence in Peoria county, he has filled almost every office in township government. He was elected justice of the peace in Kickapoo township in the Spring of 1851, and continued in that capacity by re-election from time to time until his removal to Hallock township, when he resigned. Religiously he is a Baptist in faith. Politically, is a staunch Democrat. Mr. Johnson has been the father of ten sons and daughters, Crawford, born 2nd November, 1824, died 10th March, 1859; Jane, born 16th September, 1825, married Eli Albertson, 10th November, 1845; Marion, born 28th March, 1828, married Mary B ell in 1862; Perry, born 2d December, 1829, married Harriet Roberts in 1851, and both died in 1855; America, born 18th February, 1833, married Miles Bosworth, March 1852, died q13th February, 1857; Rachel, born 30th January, 1836, married Omer Bosworth, January, 1856, died 14th January, 1866; William R., born 7th march, 1839, married Catherine Welch at Bloomington, Ill.; John, born 6th June, 1841, married, first, Miss Sarah Whittington, 22d November, 1863, who died 22d June 1874, and second, Miss Vera, daughter of James L. and Susan Hindmarsh, 13th February, 1877. Two children died unnamed. Mrs. Johnson, the wife and mother, died 7th October, 1873, after a residence of exactly forty-two years in Illinois.
JONES HENRY W. farmer, Sec. 34, P. O. Peoria. Henry Jones, the father of the subject of this sketch, was of Welch parentage, and was born in Culpepper county, Virginia, where he grew to manhood, and married Sarah Zinn, who was of German and English extraction. They immigrated to Ohio about 1804, and settled in Gallia county, where Henry W. was born on the 7th of February, 1819. In November, 1831, they came to Illinois and settled at Peoria, spending the first Winter in a small log cabin that stood at the foot of the Main street bluff. In April, 1832, they moved out to the Rocky Spring (on the Farmington road) and settled on what is till know as Jones’ Prairie, where Henry W. grew to man’s estate. He has lived in that immediate neighborhood ever since, and is justly entitled to be regarded as on of the old settlers. He has been closely identified with the growth and development of Limestone and Kickapoo townships. On the 30th day of October, 1842, he married Miss Rebecca, daughter of Reuben and Nancy Miller nee Sturgeon, who was born in Shelby county, Kentucky, 28th December, 1821. In 1844, they moved from Limestone to this township; spent the Summer of 1845 in Jo Daviess county; came back in the Fall of that year, and in 1846, settled on their present farm. From a stumpy quarter-section, Mr. Jones has made a handsome and attractive farm, the result of his own industry and mechanical ingenuity. Mr. and Mrs. Jones have had twelve children: Clarissa C., was born November 15, 1843, married Francis Peppard, June, 1860; Lovina, born February 15, 1845, married Charles Daly, November, 1869; Amanda E., born March 8, 1847, married Thomas Newcomb, (third husband) July 24, 1876; Charles P., born July 5, 1849, married Miss Caroline Daly, November 17, 1869; Lucinda, born March 21, 1851, married Robert Acol, June 18, 1873; James H., born February 21, 1853, married Alice Brown, De3cember 1, 1878; Malinda J., born February 24, 1855; John F., born November 28, 1856, died March 5, 1867; George N., born September 15, 1859, died August 5, 1861; Anna, born April 8, 1861, died in infancy; Adaline C., born February 23, 1863, married William Edwards, January 6, 1879; Euphemia B., born November 27, 1865. Mrs. Jones’ grandfather, and her mother lived to be eighty-seven. Mr. Jones’ mother lived to be eighty-nine. Protestant in religious sentiment. Mr. J. is a Republican of the liberal type. He owns 189 acres of land, valued at $40 an acre. He has held various local offices, such as town assessor, etc.
JOSS GEORGE, farmer, Sec. 34, P. O. Peoria, is a son of Coradin and Anna Joss, nee Men, and was born at Andeer, Switzerland, may 21, 1826. He received all the advantages of the common schools of his native country, and one year in a school devoted to the study of tree culture, and was awarded a second grade diploma, to earn which two or more years were usually required. He still preserves as a memento of his school days, a book with tree drawings, essays on their nature, the best means of cultivation, yearly growth, etc., drawn and written by him, that is a model of penmanship. At seventeen years he was apprenticed to the carpenter trade. When he has served three years, a rebellion broke out against the government, and he was drafted into the army for six years, as was then the custom in Switzerland. When he had served three years, he bought the remainder of his time and came to America, arriving at Peoria in October, 1849, and until 1871, engaged at the trade of a carpenter in this State and Wisconsin. He has been twice married; first on the 6th of November, 1852, to Miss Elizabeth Lenenberger, a country-woman of his. This wife died without issue October 6, 1855, and on the 24th of December, 1864, he married his present wife, Elizabeth, daughter of George and Emily Breidenstein, nee Kleinsmith, who was born at Niederscheldt, Germany, February 14, 1836. Five children have blessed this union: Anna, born October 18, 1865; George Theodore, born August, 1867; Amelia, born September 20, 1869; Margaret Henrietta, born September 16, 1871; William Tell, born October 12, 1873. In 1871, they came to occupy their present home and farm of 160 acres, valued at $35 an acre. Religiously, they are of Protestant faith.
KEACH CHARLES, farmer, Sec. 1, P. O. Peoria, born in Rensselaer county, N. Y., June 1, 1833. His parents were Henry and Lucy Keach, nee Hall. In the Fall of 1846 his father, with a view to bettering the condition of his family, came to Illinois, and being pleased with the country around their present home, erected a shop in Radnor township, and began forging a home for wife and children. In the Fall of 1847 he returned to new York, sold his possessions, came back, settled near his present residence, engaged in blacksmithing and farming until age and infirmity compelled a cessation from labor. Charles remained at home assisting as blacksmith and farmer. In November, 1864, he went on a visit to his boyhood home, and while there married Laura Jane, daughter of Wm. Doty, and returned with her to his father’s home in Radnor. She died in September, 1858, leaving one child, William E., born Nov. 28, 1856. During the years subsequent to 1854, Charles was engaged principally in farming. On the 25th of March he married Marion Ann, daughter of Abram B. and Georgietta Fash, nee Smith, born in Peoria, Feb. 8, 1842. The very next week they began as farm tenants in a log cabin on the 80 acres next north of their present residence. Mr. Keach is one of those who touch nothing that does not turn to good account. In the Spring of 1864 he bought his present homestead, on time, with not even a nickel towards making the first payment. But they were promptly met. He has added other lands until now he owns 260 acres and the prettiest home site in Kickapoo township, valued at $75 an acre. His present wife has been a true helpmate in all things. Though raised in the city, with little knowledge of farm life, she took naturally and kindly to farm duties. Mrs. K. was baptized in the faith of the M. E. Church, but is not now a communicant. Mr. K. believes in practical Christians, with hears and hands always open to the relief of suffering and distress wherever found, regardless of creed. Politically Mr. K. is an independent Democrat. They have four children, Effie Georgietta, born Jan. 18, 1863; Chester Burton, born Oct. 6, 1864; Cora May, born Oct. 27, 1867, died Aug. 28, 1869; Jessie Irene, born Nov. 1, 1869.
KINGSLEY CHARLES M. farmer, Sec. 8, P. O. Edwards Station, son of George O. and Fanny Kingsley, nee Eams, was born in this township, Dec. 9, 1843, where he was raised and educated as a farmer’s son. In August, 1862, he enlisted in Co. K, 77th Illinois, and served until the close of the war. He participated in a number of engagements, a full account of which will be found in the regimental history elsewhere published. He was mustered out of the service at Alabama, July 10, 1865, and arrived at home on the 29th, since when he has engaged as above. On the 22d of January, 1868, he united in marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua and Mary Jane Brown, nee King, who was born in Rosefield township, July 22, 1852. They have had six children, Eli Chester, born Jan. 30, 1869; Charles W., Dec. 14, 1871; Cynthia, Nov. 5, 1873; Lillian, Jan. 1, 1875; George O., Nov. 20, 1877, died June 12, 1878; Fannie, born Jan. 27, 1879. Mr. and Mrs. K. are of protestant faith. Politically he is a Democrat, true and steadfast. He was elected town assessor in the Spring of 1876, but did not qualify in consequence of sickness. He owns 328 acres of land, valued at $30 an acre.
KINGSLEY FANNY, farmer, P. O. Peoria. Mrs. Kingsley is the third child and daughter of Benjamin and Harriet Eams, nee Smith, and was born at Willoughby, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, June 18, 1825, and came to La Salle county, this State, with her parents in June, 1840. In the beginning of January, 1841, she married George O. Kingsley, son of Perley and Anna Kingsley, nee Mason, who was born at Brattleboro, Vermont, February 14, 1810. He came to Peoria county and settled in the Kickapoo valley in 1833. he was thoroughly educated in the schools of Vermont, and was qualified both by nature and education far any position in life. His name is intimately associated with many of the public improvements and buildings of the county, as well as in other ways. He was the contractor for the mason work, viaducts, etc., on the Illinois and Michigan canal, when it was building, and during the time was associated in a dry goods store at Marseilles, with William Pierce, which was the second general store opened at that place. The honor of making the first farm improvements in the Kickapoo valley belongs also to George O. and Frank P. Kingsley. On the 5th day of May, 1841, Mr. Kingsley and his wife landed at Peoria from a steamboat, and the same day came out and occupied the cabin of which mention is made in the general history of this township. In the beginning of 1842 they moved up to the site of the home now occupied by Mrs. Kingsley, where she has ever since resided. Mrs. Kingsley has been the mother of five children—Cynthia, was born November 30, 1841, married John Kirkman in October, 1858; Charles Mason, was born December 9, 1843, married Lizzie Brown, of Rosefield, January 22, 1868; James, was born January 26, 1846, and died at nine months; Harriet Romania, was born May 13, 1850, married William Spurck, August, 1869; George Pliney, was born April 26, 1860. Mrs. Kingsley is not religiously connected with any church. Mr. Kingsley’s death is noted in the general history of Kickapoo township.
KOERNER CHRISTIAN, farmer, Sec. 9, P. O. Kickapoo, is a son of Jacob and Christina Koerner, nee Krill, and was born at Bald Hill, near Cincinnati, Hamilton county, Ohio, March 27, 1834. When he was fourteen years of age his parents removed to Peoria county, and he has ever since resided in the neighborhood where he now lives. On the 25th of March, 1858, he married Miss Nancy Ann, daughter of John and Elizabeth Stringer, who was born at Mossville, August 24, 1839. Five children were born of this union—John, was born February 26, 1859; Christine Elizabeth, was born February 26, 1861; Mary Ann, was born June 21, 1866; David William, was born December 21, 1872; Thomas Christian, was born September 24, 1876, and died January 28, 1877. Mrs. Koerner died April 7, 1877. Mr. Koerner was raised in the faith of the German Lutheran Church, but is not identified with any religious organization. He is Democratic in politics. He owns 100 acres of land, valued at $30 an acre.
KOERNER DAVID, farmer, Sec. 15, P. O. Kickapoo, is a son of Jacob and Christian Koerner, nee Krill, and was born at Bald Hill, Hamilton county, Ohio, October 15, 1835. In the Fall of 1848 his parents removed to Illinois and settled on the farm he now occupies. On the 11th of December, 1860, he married Miss Louisa Siebold, who was born at Fellback, Germany, July 17, 1837. When she was about three years of age her father came to seek a new home in America. After two or three letters from him, the last one dated at New Orleans, all tidings of him were lost and the supposition was that he died suddenly, with nothing on his person by which he could be identified. When Louisa was in her seventeenth year her mother sent her to America, intending to come herself if her daughter was pleased; if not, she promised to send her money to carry her back to her German home. Louisa, was pleased, however, and wrote her mother that she had found a good home, but before the mother could complete arrangements to come, she sickened and died. In time Louisa found a home in the family of John Stringer for nearly three years, and from which she was married. David Koerner and Louisa Siebold had six children—David, born march 6, 1862, died May 29, 1871; Jacob C., born September 4, 1863; Caroline Rosina, born November 30, 1865; Frederick William, born July 21, 1868; Louisa Christina, born April 24, 1873; Mary Elizabeth, born July 5, 1879. The parents were both brought up in the German Lutheran Church. Politically Mr. Koerner is a Democrat. He owns 240 acres of land, valued at $30 an acre. The parents of Mr. Koerner both died on this place, and were buried in a handsome plot of ground set off for that purpose in their life time.
LASER AUGUST, farmer, Sec. 22, P. O. Kickapoo, was born at Erfurt, Prussia, Aug. 28, 1828. His parents were Wilhelm and Louisa Laser, nee Orphal. He was educated at the muster school until twelve years of age, and then entered the lower or under class of the gymnasium, where he studied two years. His father was a gardener and seedsman, and when August was fifteen years of age he began an apprenticeship to that trade. At nineteen he entered the Prussian army and served three years. Came to America in his twenty-second year, landing at Buffalo, and worked at the Oakland nursery and greenhouse; thence he went to Ross county, Ohio, as gardener for Doctor Thatcher. In the Fall of 1856 he went to New Orleans as a private gardener; soon after came to Peoria and had charge of B. L. T. Bourland’s greenhouse for two years; then worked for John Griswold two years, and laid off the grounds and planted the trees on that much admired homestead. In January, 1862, he married Sophia, daughter of Elias and Maria Bartholenman, who was born near Erfurt, Prussia, Dec. 26, 1827. They have had five children—Henry, born May 19, 1858, drowned Sept. 23, 1865, while trying to save a younger brother from drowning; Lizzie, born July 14, 1860, died in Peoria, Sept. 1861; Rudolph, born Feb. 8, 1862, drowned Sept. 23, 1865; Lizzie, 2d, born May 9, 1868. Religion, Protestant; politics, Republican. M. Laser makes botany a study; owns eight acres of land, worth $2,500.
LONSDALE RICHARD, farmer, Sec. 32, P. O. Peoria, son of Thomas and Ellen nee Halstead, was born near Aislington, Lancashire, England, 26th Sept., 1817, and commenced life as a handloom weaver at the early age of eight years. At eleven he entered a cotton mill at Elwood, Lancashire, where he was employed in various capacities for twenty-one years, thirteen years of which he superintended the engines that furnished the power for two large mills, remaining there till he came to America in 1849. he arrived at Peoria 14th Nov. of that year, and joined his father’s family in Kickapoo. He occupied rented land until the death of his father March, 1863, when he succeeded to the ownership of the Lonsdale homestead, and has added other land, until he now owns 560 acres, valued at $25 to $35 an acre. When Mr. L. reached Kickapoo, he had but little means, and he has acquired his possessions by industry and careful economy. On the 25th day of Dec., 1838, he married Miss Ann, daughter of John and Betty Wadsworth, nee Ovenden, and a faithful helpmeet she proved in their struggle in America. Mrs. Lonsdale was born in Yorkshire, England, 24th April, 1819. Her parents were hand-loom weavers, and from childhood she learned lessons of industry and economy. Eleven children were born of this marriage: Martha, born 5th Feb., 1840; Colonel, born 12th July, 1842, died 9th July, 1843; Ellen, born 3d Aug., 1844, died 8th March, 1845; Mary Hannah, born 10th Han., 1846, died 4th Dec., 1855; Ernest, born 4th June, 1848, killed by accident at Peoria Gas Works, 1st Feb., 1870; William, born 23d Dec., 1850, married Ellen Mitchell, 18th Sept. 1873; John, born 26th May, 1853; Richard, born 11th Sept., 1855; Mary Ellen, born 21st Sept., 1857; Betty, born 21st Oct., 1859, died 19th Aug., 1860; Sarah Ann, born 29th June, 1863. All the living, except William, remain at home with their parents. Politically, Mr. L. is a Democrat.
MARIE JOSEPH, farmer, Sec. 34, P. O. Peoria. Nicholas Marie, the father of Joseph, was born, raised, and married the first time, in France and came to America and settled in Stark county, Ohio, in 1828. His first wife died, childless, in 1829, and about a year after he married Mary Ann Smith, who was also born in France, September 20, 1800, by whom he had four children: Joseph, Mary Ann, Julia and Malinda. Joseph was born in Stark county, O., October 31, 1831. In 1838, his parents removed from Ohio, and founded the Marie’s home as above. Their first house was a small log cabin that stood at the foot of the bluff in Jones’ Hollow. Deer were often seen sporting on the bluffs, within easy shooting range of the cabin. In the Fall of 1840, Nicholas Marie, the husband and father died. Joseph was the oldest of the family, and the burden of their support fell on him, and hence it may be said that from his ninth year he has had a family to maintain. On the 5th day of June, 1861, he married Johana, daughter of William and Nancy Holden, nee Corcoran, who was born at Red Acre, county Kilkenny, Ireland, May 29, 1841, and came to America with her parents when she was quite a young girl. They first settled at Newark, Licking county; subsequently in Zanesville, Ohio; came from there to Illinois about 1852. They had eleven children: Mary Ann, born June 3, 1862; Nellie, born June 15, 1863; the third child was born August 29, 1864, and died; Nicholas, born September 15, 1865; William, born January 27, 1867; Joseph, born May 4, 1868; James Francis, born May 23, 1870; Anna, born October 14, 1872, died May 23, 1875; Malinda, born November 16, 1874; Thomas Centennial, born June 20, 1876; John Edmund, born March 30, 1878. The family are members of the Catholic Church. Politically, Mr. Marie is an Independent Democrat. He served as justice of the peace from 1866 to 1870, and has filled other local offices. He owns 160 acres of land, valued at $35 an acre. His mother, now in her eightieth year, has a home in his family.
MARSHALL JOHN, farmer, Sec. 36, P. O. Kickapoo, was born in Devonshire, England, July 17, 1826, and worked on a farm for his father till he was twenty-six years old, when he married Rebecca Horsewell, by whom he had four children: Thomas E., Elizabeth, John, and Richard, all of whom still reside in England. He buried his wife in the Fall of 1863, and in the Spring of 1869, immigrated to America, arriving at Peoria, August 7th of the same year, and settled in Kickapoo. He has always been a consistent professor of religion, and since obtaining his citizenship has generally voted with the Republican party. He has always conducted himself as a good citizen of his adopted country.
MASSING MATHIAS, farmer and grape-grower, Sec. 16, P. O. Kickapoo, son of Andrew and Mary Massing, nee Greoei, was born on the river Rhine, Prussia, October 16, 1812, and bred a farmer. In the Spring of 1840, he immigrated to America and settled at the present site of Mossville, and engaged as wood chopper and common laborer. He bought his first horse from Captain Moss, and paid for it in clearing land and making rails. The wheels of his first wagon were made from sections sawed from a large oak tree; there was not a particle of iron in the entire make up of the vehicle. In March, 1841, he united in marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and Catharine Klein. She was born at Kreisnocht, Prussia, November 27, 1819. They remained at Mossville until 1845; lived two years on the bluff farm of Captain Moss, and in 1847, came to the site of their present comfortable home, which was worked out of the timber and brush. They now own 260 acres of land, valued at $40 per acre. A part of the home place is devoted to grape growing, and a part of their other land is underlaid with coal. They have had nine children: Mathias, born August 28, 1842; Andrew, born June 6, 1843, died at three months; Andrew, the second, was born October 13, 1844, and died at the age of thirteen years; Elizabeth, born May 15, 1847, married Frank German, November 23, 1868; Edward, born February 27, 1849; Catharine H., born September 3, 1853; Frederick, born April 25, 1855; Mary, born April 5, 1859. Parents and children are members of the Catholic Church. Politically, Mr. Massing is a Democrat.
MIDDLETON JOSEPH HENRY, grocer and wholesale and retail dealer in coal, Pottstown, P. O. Peoria. The subject of this sketch is the architect of his own fortune and essentially a self-made man. He is the son of Joseph and Bridget Middleton, nee Connors, and was born in the city of Peoria 22nd September, 1855. His mother died when he was about seven years of age. Soon after, he quit the common schools and commenced to earn his living by working among farmers and whatever he could find to do. In 1874 he came to Pottstown and engaged to drive a coal-hauling team, in which capacity he continued for some time; then formed a partnership with Frank Stemplin, and commenced the manufacture o brick. In 1878 Stemplin was succeeded by George Potts. In 1879 Middleton withdrew from the business and, with other parties, leased a coal bank from Samuel Potts, senior, and commenced business as above. His wife Lucy, to whom he was married on the fourteenth of November, 1876, is the daughter of Samuel and Ann Potts, nee Padgeter; was born 24th July, 1858, They have one child, John Henry, who was born 25th August, 1877. Mr. Middleton is an advocate of morality and temperance in all things.
MILLER JOHN F. blacksmith, village of Kickapoo, P. O. same, was born in Germany, 15th march, 1842, his parents being Henry and Catherine Miller, nee Creager. They came to America when he was a year old, and settled first at Pekin, where they remained three years; then removed to Limestone township, this county, John remained with parents till he was 17, then engaged with Frank Wilkenhamer, of Peoria, to learn the trade of a blacksmith, When the war came on, he enlisted as a blacksmith in the 11th Ill. Cavalry, and served four years. Upon being discharged he returned to Peoria, and in 1866, in company with Frank McCann, commenced a shop at Smithsville, and staid two years. He married 7th June, 1866, with Irene, daughter of George and Lydia Ann Toland. She was born in Perry county, Pa., 23rd Feb., 1845. After making several removals, Mr. Miller settled, in 1874, in Kickapoo, where he now resides and carries on business. They have had seven children: Stephen F., born 25th March, 1867; William Henry, born 19th May, 1868; John Adison, born 23rd September, 1869, died 16th August, 1870; James Otto, born 19th August, 1871, died 16th August, 1873; Clara Irene, born 23rd October, 1873; Charles Martin, born 12th January, 1875; Laura, born 27th September, 1877. Mr. Miller’s father died 1858, aged 76, and his mother, in 1871, aged 87.
MILLER MORTIMER M. farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 25, P. O. Peoria. The subject of this sketch is the son of Frederick A. and Sarah A. (Clifton) Miller, and was born in Newport, Campbell county, Ky., Feb. 3, 1837. When about sixteen years old he went to work in an oilcloth manufactory, and worked at that trade for two years. He then spent two years at the trade of painter, and afterwards joined his father upon a farm in the same county, and remained there until 1857, when he came to Illinois and settled upon what is known as the Hickory Grove Farm, in Richwoods township. Afterwards came to Peoria and worked some time as brick-mason, and finally removed to Kickapoo township and bought the farm upon which he now resides.
PEPPARD FRANCIS, coal miner, Edwards Station. A son of Francis and Bridget Peppard, nee Rale, was born in county Longford, near Dublin, Ireland, 27th September, 1837, and came to America with his sister Elizabeth, in 1851. Halted first at New Orleans, then came to Peoria, where he remained a short time, and then went to Logan township, where he stayed about four years, and then to Kickapoo township. In the Spring of 1858, he went to the head waters of the Missouri river in the employ of the American Fur Company, where he spent that Summer. Four months of that time they saw neither bread nor domestic vegetables of any kind, but subsisted entirely upon wild meats, fish, etc. He returned from that trip late in the Fall, and on the 12th of May, 1859, married Caroline, daughter of Henry N. and Rebecca Jones, who was born in Limestone township, 15th November, 1843. They have had thirteen children, six of whom died in early infancy. The seven living children are, Edward, born 17th October, 1863; John, 19th February, 1867; Frances, 15th may, 1870; George, 22d February, 1872; Caroline 5th May, 1874; Charles, 15th April, 1876; Robert Emmett, 8th November, 1879. Mr. Peppard is a Catholic; his wife is a Protestant. Politically he is a Democrat.
POOLE GEORGE, laborer, village of Kickapoo, P. O. same, son of Thomas and Mary Poole, nee Pritchard, was born in Tetbury, Gloucestershire, England, Feb. 6, 1825. At St. Saviour’s Church, Tetbury, April 28, 1853, he was married to Mary Ann, daughter of Stephen and Ann Smith, who was born in Gloucestershire, England, Aug. 11, 1827. They came to America in 1854, settling first at Pulaski, N. Y.; remained there two years and came to Peoria; lived for a time on the Knoxville road, between Peoria and Kickapoo; settled in the village of Kickapoo in 1868. They have had three children—Eliza Ann, born Jan. 8, 1854, died and buried at sea on the voyage to America; William Henry, born June 8, 1856, and married Mary Elizabeth, daughter of James and Elizabeth Kingdom, nee Brown, Aug. 17, who have two children, Elizabeth Ann and Harriett. The parents, George and Mary Ann Poole, were baptized in the Church of England. Mr. Poole has never been naturalized; his son William H., is a Democrat. Mrs. Wm. H. Poole was born in the village of Kickapoo, July 26, 1857. Her mother died Dec. 17, 1860, and her father on Dec. 26, 1878.
POTTS GEORGE, brick maker and coal miner, Pottstown, P. O. Peoria, is a son of Samuel and Ann Potts, nee Padgeter, and was born in the parish of Foleshill, England, July 24, 1856, and came to what is now Pottstown with his parents in 1857. For the last three years he has been engaged in making brick in Summer and mining coal in Winter. He married Ana Cody, and has had by her two children—Samuel, born Feb. 2, 1877, and Joseph M., born Dec. 21, 1878. Mr. Potts, like his father, is an energetic business man.
POTTS SAMUEL, coal operator, Pottstown, was born in Bredon, Leicestershire, England, Dec. 24, 1821. Ann Padgeter, his wife, was born in the parish of Foleshill, county Warwick, England, March 28, 1831. They were married in the parish of Foleshill, by Rev. James Harris, Oct. 13, 1844; came to America in 1856; stopped in the mining regions of Pennsylvania until 1857, and then came to Hale’s Mill with eleven dollars in their cash box. Mr. Potts was an experienced miner and quickly found employment. From a common miner, with no capital but his industry and English pluck, he has come to be the owner of some two hundred acres of coal land, and the employer of many men. His enterprise has developed the coal interests at Hale’s Mill, and made the village at that point, and has been careful to foster and encourage every undertaking that promised to result favorably to the county and township of his home. Politically he is a Democrat; has served as supervisor. Mr. and Mrs. Potts have had fourteen children: Hannah, born Nov. 28, 1845, died Oct. 14, 1866; Susan, born Nov. 7, 1847; Sarah, March 15, 1850; Samuel B., Sept. 6, 1851; Mary Ann, March 19, 1853, died Oct. 4, 1854; John, born Jan. 23, 1855, died Feb. 22, 1855; George, born July 5, 1856; Lucy, July 24, 1858; John Henry, Feb. 2, 1860, died Sept. 16, 1861; Eveline E., born Nov. 17, 1861; Isadore Leviney, July 17, 1863, died Sept. 13, 1864; Michael, born March 15, 1865, died in early infancy; Eliza Menetta, born Nov. 28, 1866; Leah, March 31, 1869.
POTTS SAMUEL B. coal operator, Pottstown, P. O. Peoria, is a son of Samuel and Ann Potts, nee Padgeter, and was born in the parish of Lowe, England, Sept. 6, 1851, and came to America with his parents in 1856, and to Pottstown in 1857. In his eighth year he commenced to drive a coal team, and during all the years of his minority worked hard at whatever his father had in hand. His opportunities for going to school were limited, but he made good use of such advantages as were offered. On the 15th of Feb. 1870, he married Leah, daughter of George and Ann Randle, nee Woodhouse, who was born in the parish of Foleshill, England, in July, 1851, and came to America in June, 1865; they have had four children: Samuel, born Aug. 25, 1871, died Oct. 26, same year; George, born Jan. 24, 1873; Lucy Minetta, born June 28, 1875, died July 24, following; Lillie May, born May 24, 1878. Methodistic predilections. Independent Democrat.
SCOFIELD JACOB, farmer and stock-grower, Sec. 29, P. O. Edwards Station. The subject of this sketch is the eldest son of Samuel and Ann Scofield, nee Greenough, and was born at Heyworth, Lancashire, England, December 30, 1821, and was educated to the local express business, which he followed until he immigrated to America. On the 14th of January, 1842, he married Miss Mary, daughter of Thomas and Ellen Lonsdale, nee Halstead, who was born the same year with Queen Victoria—February 7, 1819. They immigrated to America I 1844, coming the entire distance to Peoria, with the exception of the first eight miles, by sail and steam vessels, arriving on the 14th of June. In coming up the Mississippi from New Orleans they were passengers on the steamer Macedonia, which took fire just below Natchez and burned to the water’s edge, and from which the passengers barely escaped with their lives—most of them with nothing but their night clothes. Scofields lost nearly all their luggage, but by returning to the burning boat after he had once got to the shore, Mr. S. succeeded in securing what money they had, which had been hidden away in a barrel for safe keeping. When the Scofields reached their journey’s end they had $60, with which to commence life. After a few days rest among their friends, Mr. Scofield went to work as a common laborer at $10 per month, one-half cash, and one-half store pay. Mrs. S. also went out to service at $1.50 a week, and worked thus for two years. After two years of hard times, they purchased forty acres of land, built a cabin, and commenced for themselves. Before the cabin was finished, they both fell sick. Their cabin had neither doors, windows, fire-place nor cooking-stove. In clear weather those who took care of them cooked their food out of doors; when it was rainy and bad, a plank was lifted from the floor, a fire kindled there and the cooking done inside. After their recovery, they set to work with renewed energy and industry; and prosperity has followed them to the present. Other land was purchased from time to time until they now own 360 acres, which is well improved, with good stone residence, etc., and well stocked. They have never had any children, but have adopted and raised three to manhood and womanhood, and recently adopted a fourth one—Carrie Baker, a bright-eyed, pretty and intelligent orphan of twelve years. Mr. and Mrs. S. are members of the Limestone Episcopal Church. Politically, Mr. Scofield has always voted with the Democratic party since he was naturalized.
SLOUGH HENRY CLAY, farmer, Sec. 13, P. O. Peoria. Son of Jacob and Ann Elizabeth Slough, nee Cype, was born in the city of Peoria, September 23, 1836. When he was about twelve years of age his parents removed to Richwoods township, where he grew to manhood. On the 26th of July, 1857, he married Miss Maria, daughter of Isaac and Abigail Pratt, who was born in Peoria county, January 30, 1839, and soon after removed to their present resident. On the 2d of September, 1862, Mr. Slough enlisted in Co. E, 77th Illinois, and served three years in defense of the Union, fourteen months of which time was spent in the rebel prison at Camp Worth, Texas, where he suffered all the tortures coarse and scanty rations could bring. He and his comrades were released from that prison pen on the 17th of May, 1865; reaching Springfield about the 2d of June, and were allowed to come home to spend the Fourth with their families and friends. They went back to Springfield on the 5th and were mustered out on the 6th. Since them Mr. S. has engaged in improving is farm and adding, by purchase to its original acreage. He now owns 160 acres, valued at $40 an acre. He is Republican in politics, and liberal in religious belief. They have had seven children—Edgar H., born September 20, 1858, died, July, 1859; Maria Louise, born July 11, 1860; Henry Francis, April 7, 1862; Abbie Richmond, May 14, 1866; Ann Elizabeth, December 25, 1867; Adelia Edith, June 4, 1869; Louis Herbert, December 13, 1874. Mrs. Slough was raised under the religious instructions of the M. E. Church.
SLOUGH JACOB W. farmer and stockraiser, Sec. 13, P. O. Peoria, son of Jacob and Ann Elizabeth Slough nee Cype, settlers of 1834. Was born in Harrisburg, Pa., 22d April, 1829, and grew to manhood in Peoria Co. In April, 1851, he went to California, remaining four and a half years, coming back in 1855. He married 1st Oct. 1856, Elizabeth Fulton, daughter of Josiah and Augusta Fulton nee Hughes, who was born on the Fulton homestead in Richwoods, 14th June 1836. Her father is now the only surviving pioneer settler of 1819. Soon after marriage they settled at their present home, on land his mother entered from Government in 1836. He remained there about eighteen months, when he started on another trip to California for his health, and after an absence of nine months returned in June, 1859, and farmed the Slough homestead until 1866, when he removed to his own place in Sec. 13, Kickapoo. They have had six children, William, born 19th Nov. 1857, George, 12th March, 1860, Mary A., 29th June, 1862, Emily J., 22d May, 1864, Joseph H., 25th March, 1866, Nellie C., 10th Dec. 1868. Politically, Mr. Slough was a Republican from the time that party was organized, but about 1878 he became a Greenbacker, and is now strong in that political belief. While living in Richwoods he held the offices of town clerk, collector, school trustee, and school director, and in Kickapoo filled the office of assessor for four years. He owns 160 acres of land valued at $30 an acre.
SMITH ROSY MRS. Farmer, Sec. 5, P. O. Kickapoo. Mrs. Smith is the daughter of John and Catharine Kerrott nee Fagan, and was born in county Down, Ireland, 14th October, 1813. Her parents were farmers and from her earliest years she has been accustomed to farm life. On the 14th of April, 1833, she married Patrick Smith, the son of a neighboring farmer, and the next day started to America. They first stopped at Albany, New York, and after thirteen months in that city went to Trumansburg, Tompkins county, where Mr. Smith engaged as a common laborer for four years. They then came to Illinois and lived a few months in the service of Bishop Chase at Jubilee College. In the Fall of 1838 they came to the neighborhood in which she now lives, and where they purchased their first home, a log cabin which they occupied seventeen years. Then for two years they lived on a place now owned by Andrew Heintz, then back to the old place, and in 1857 occupied the present residence. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have been intimately associated with the improvement and development of the country around Kickapoo. Mr. Smith died 20th January, 1861, at the age of fifty-one years and ten months. Mrs. Smith has been the mother of fifteen children, eight boys and seven girls, Francis, born 13th April, 1835, died 2d November, 1837; Mary born 29th July, 1836, married William Fox in 1863, died died 25th September, 1878; Catharine born 13th March, 1838, died 11th October,1839; Anna, born in Peoria 10th March, 1839, married Patrick Bennett in 1861; Francis, born 21st November, 1840, married Miss Margaret Murphy, in September, 1866; John, born 12th August, 1842, married Miss Mary Hill, February, 1868; Elizabeth, born June, 1844, married William Murphy in the early Winter of 1853-4; Catharine, born 26th December, 1845, married Richard Elwood, 28th April, 1868; James, born 8th January, 1847; Edward, born 12th November, 1848; Rosy, born 7th April, 1850, married Peter Hill, 28th May, 1876; William, born 14th August, 1852; Patrick, born 2d June, 1854; Margaret, born 30th August, 1856; Charles, born 23d January, 1858. Members of the Catholic Church. Owns 263 acres of land in the home place, and twenty acres timber in Sec. 16. Total value $13, 380.
SPURCK ELIZA ANN, farmer, P. O. Edwards Station; daughter of John and Patience Van Horn nee Hanson, was born in Zanesville, Muskingum county, Ohio, 1st December, 1811. On the 2d day of June, 1831, she married William Spurck (son of Peter and Mary Spurck) a young merchant of Zanesville. They came to Illinois and commenced merchandising in Peoria, continuing until 1855, when they purchased the farm now owned and occupied by Mrs. Spurck. The union of William Spurck and Eliza Ann Van Horn resulted in the birth of seven children. Mary L. A., born 7th November, 1833; Martha, born 12th November, 1836, who has been twice married. Her first husband was William R. Swinnerton, with whom she crossed the plains to California, being among the first passengers over the Union Pacific railroad. Mr. S. died in California, and his widow returned to Kickapoo, and four years later married Judge S. Bailey, of Macomb. Adam, born 25th October, 1839, married Mary Thompson; William, born April, 1842, married Harriet Kingsley, August, 1869; Amelia, born 13th November, 1844, married Nathan F. Heard, of Worcester, Mass.; John V., born 18th May, 1848, died at eighteen months; Cora P., born 1st November, 1854, married Crescens G. Pitt 19th June, 1878; John L., born 9th April, 1857, died at the age of eighteen years from injuries received by being thrown from a horse when he was five years of age. Mr. Spurck died several years ago. Mrs. Spurck is a member of the Presbyterian Church.
STEARS JOHN P. farmer and stock dealer, Sec. 32, P. O. Peoria, is the fourth child and third son of Richard and Joana Stears, nee Pillman, and was born in Wuemworthy, Devonshire, England, 2d October, 1837, and was raised as an English farmer. His education in letters was confined to four years schooling between his seventh and eleventh years. At the latter age he was set to work on the farm, and kept engaged at that until eighteen years of age. He then ran away from home, and engaged with a neighboring farmer at sixty cents a week for seven months, returned home, and at the age of nineteen joined what was known as the Yeoman Cavalry. He served seven years, won the rank of Corporal and then resigned’ then rejoined his father, and engaged as a farmer and cattle dealer until his family, consisting of father, mother, two brothers and three sisters, came to America in 1869, landing at Peoria on the 8th of May, and settling as above. The father died on the 19th of June following. His sister Ann died 17th September, 1869; the son William died October 10, the same year, and the mother died 19th March, 1878. On the 8th of November, 1877, he united in marriage with Mrs. Angeline H. Manville, nee Beecher, who was born in Connecticut, 13th May, 1842. She was married to her first husband 1st day of May, 1860, by whom she had three children: Lillian M. was born 17th February, 1861; Eva L., 10th August 1864, and Minnie, 15th October, 1868. During her widowhood she was postmistress at Summerville, this county, from 1873 to 1877. Their union resulted in one child, Richard Henry, who was born 30th September, 1878. Mr. and Mrs. Stears were both raised under the religious teachings of the Episcopal Church, are regular attendants of Christ’s Church, near their residence. Mr. S. is Democratic in politics. He owns one hundred and forty acres of land, valued at $50 an acre.
STEAR RICHARD, farmer and stock grower, Sec. 32, P. O. Edwards Station, son of Richard and Joanna Stear, nee Pillman, was born in Devonshire, England, Sept. 28, 1829, where he was bred a farmer. He left England in the Spring of 1850, and arrived at Peoria on the 1st day of June, coming directly to the neighborhood of his present home, and began as a farm laborer. He worked one year for John Pillman, and then started a breaking team following that business for two seasons. He sold his team and engaged eighteen months as a farm laborer; then worked six months as a coal miner. December 23, 1855, he married Miss Eliza, daughter of Robert and Ann Ford, nee Western, who was born in England, Dec. 15, 1834, and came to America in the Spring of 1855, landing at Peoria on the 8th of May. For several years after marriage they were farm tenants in Limestone township. In 1867-8, they bought eighty acres of land where they now live. Built a cabin, which was their first home, and commenced clearing up the farm. A part of the land is coal bearing, and for two years, in the Winter season, Mr. Stear mined coal at night and hauled to Peoria by day, as a means of a living. He also operated a threshing machine, and the first season had one of his feet crushed in the cogs, which laid him up eleven months. When sufficiently recovered he resumed his threshing machine operations for three years, and since then has been engaged exclusively in farming and stock growing. He now owns 120 acres, valued at $25 an acre. They have seven children—John W., born march 22, 1856; Wm. H., June 1, 1858; Thomas, Sept. 2, 1860; James, Jan. 9, 1863; Robert, Dec. 21, 1865; Eliza, Feb. 26, 1872, and Alice Ann, Dec. 16, 1875. Politically he is a Greenback Democrat.
STRINGER JOHN, farmer, Sec. 9, P. O. Kickapoo. Is a native of Bullitt county, Ky. He was the third child of Reuben and Delila Stringer, nee Owen, and was born on the 3d day of November, 1806. His father died when he was eight years of age, leaving the family in humble circumstances. Edward Stringer, the grandfather of John, with the concurrence of his children, provided in his will for the liberation of the slaves he owned; that those who were too young to care for themselves should be given into the keeping of humane persons, to be kept until they were twenty years of age, and then to go free. After the death of Reuben Stringer, the support of the family fell upon the widowed mother and the older children. John remained at home with his mother until twenty-one years of age, his twenty-first birthday occurring on Saturday, Nov. 3, 1827. Soon after attaining his majority, he went to Louisville, where, in the Winter of 1827-8, he drove a team for $7 per month, including boarding and washing. At that time there was a good deal of excitement about the lead mines of Wisconsin and northwestern Illinois, and John Stringer and John Coyle, who had married Stringer’s only sister, took passage on a steamboat early in the Spring of 1828, descended the Ohio river to the Mississippi, thence up the Mississippi and Fever rivers to Galena. At Galena a Dr. Hill, of Cossville, Wis., placed the hull of a keel-boat at their disposal, and the rest of the journey to Cossville was made in that frail craft. They remained at Dodgeville and vicinity until the beginning of July of the next year, but did not do more than make a living, and concluded to abandon the mining region, and to try their luck somewhere else. They loaded their household effects on a two-horse wagon and, without any definite point in view, journeyed southeast, and reached the present site of Mossville on the 15th of July, 1829, where they halted. At that time Mr. Stringer’s possessions consisted of a wardrobe he could carry in a handkerchief, an ax, and an iron wedge. In the Winter of 1829-30, he “squatted” on the southwest quarter of Sec. 34, in what is now Medina township, and commenced to make farm improvements. That Winter he cleared and fenced twelve acres, which he plowed and planted to corn in the Spring of 1830. He mad a good crop, and there has never been a season since that he has not had corn to sell from that farm. By the time the land was ready for sale, he had made and saved enough to pay for the land, which still remains in his ownership. In 1832, the Black Hawk war came on, and he was one of the seventy-five men n the county liable to military duty, and was elected corporal in Capt. Ead’s Peoria company, and was one of the last men to leave the field of Stillman’s disastrous defeat at Stillman’s Run. He still has in his possession the rifle he carried in that campaign. On the 27th of June, 1837, he united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Zed and Elizabeth Harris of Bullitt county, Ky., where she was born on the 17th of June, 1818. They remained at the Mossville farm until the 6th day of March, 1846, then removed to the farm they now occupy. Neither Mr. nor Mrs. S. has ever been inside a railroad car. He has never been sued at law, nor his taxes ever become delinquent. The spirit of Kentucky hospitality and generosity is ever present in Mr. Stringer’s home. He commenced in the world with nothing; but his industry and economy has rewarded his old age with competence. Their marital union was honored with five children: Nancy Ann, born 24th August, 1839, married Christian Koener, 25th march, 1858, died 7th April, 1877; John H., born 31st February, 1843, married Miss Anna M. Grundy, 25th December, 1865, died from the effects of an accidental gunshot wound, 4th March, 1866; Eveline, born 21st February, 1845, died 15th September, 1854; Thomas F., born 20th April, 1847; Mary E., born 12th May, 1852. Mr. Stringer was raised under the influences of the M. E. Church, but neither himself or wife are members of any religious society. Politically, Mr. S. has always adhered to the Democratic party. Besides the Mossville farm, of 175 acres, valued at $40 an acre, he owns 290 other acres, including the home place, valued at $50 an acre.
STRINGER THOMAS F. farmer, Sec. 9, P. O. Kickapoo, son of John and Elizabeth Stringer, nee Harris was born at the present Stringer homestead, 20th April, 1847. His education was received at the common district school and plow handle. He is unmarried and devotes his time and industry to the farm and care and comfort of his parents. He has been called to fill several positions of local trust and responsibility, in all of which he earned the meed of “well done thou good and faithful servant.” He visited the Pacific Slope in the early part of 1875, and during the visit acquired a fund of information respecting the country “beyond the Mississippi” and the Rocky Mountains that is invaluable. In every particular the subject of this brief sketch is a prototype of his honored father—an honest man.
THAYER A. W. telegraph operator, railroad and express agent, Edwards Station, is the second son of William T. and Susan Thayer, nee Gear. He was born at Marshall, Highland county, Ohio, 24th May, 1841. When he was about fifteen years of age, his parents removed to Powesheik county, Iowa, and settled on a farm three years; then removed to Canton, Missouri, where he entered the office of the Reporter newspaper of that city, as apprentice. When the war of the rebellion came on the Reporter and its management became of ill-repute, and he quit the office to seek employment elsewhere; worked for a time in the office of the Quincy Herald, then until 1865, in various other offices as a journeyman printer. In the Fall and Winter of 1864-5, he secured a “case” in Macomb, where, on the 26th of January, 1865, he married Miss Martha Walker, who was born in that city 8th march, 1845. Her parents, John D. and Jane Walker, nee Sample, were among the first settlers at Macomb. They remained at Macomb till 1870, part of the time working as a printer, and part as a farmer; then removed to Bardolff, where he engaged as switchman, and learning telegraphy. In February, 1872, he was badly crushed between two cars, from the effects of which he will never fully recover. In October, 1873, he had so far recovered as to be able to resume telegraphing and other office work, and was assigned to the agency at Edwards Station. They have had four children two living: Willie W., who is learning telegraphy, was born 27th January, 1866, and Charles Albert, born 26th March, 1869. Mr. and Mrs. Thayer are members of the M. E. Church. He is a Republican. His father, eighty years of age, and his mother, seventy years of age, are members of his family.
VARDEN PATRICK, farmer, Sec. 19, P. O. Edwards Station. Mr. Varden and wife were born in Ireland. He came to America in 1850, and engaged as a railroad laborer. March 25, 1852, he married Judith Carroll, and began life with less than fifty dollars. They first kept house in what had been a railroad boarding shanty, and Mrs. Varden said, “It seemed a palace, for it was our first home.” For six years he worked on the railroad, or at whatever he could find to do, and in 1858 settled as above, having bought it in 1857. Their united industry and economy has secured them a good home, and all the comforts of life. They are members of the Catholic Church, and Democratic in political faith. Their land is valued at $50 an acre.
VICARY HENRY, farmer and coal miner, Pottstown, P. O. Peoria. Son of Henry and Ann Vicary, nee Gipps, was born at Cornwall, England, May 23, 1853. He was educated as a wool-comber, and in 1851 he came to America and settled in Delaware county, Penn.; in 1864 he came to this township and settled on what is known as Jones’ Prairie, engaging as a farmer and lime-burner two years. In 1866 removed to Pottstown and engaged in present business. July 3, 1857, he married Elizabeth, daughter of John and Alice Lonsdale, who was born in Lancashire, England, August 29, 1839. They have had nine children—Alice Ann, born in Delaware county, Pa., November 18, 1859, married Jacob Waits, December 25, 1877; John, born January 20, 1862; George Washington, born February 22, 1864; Ellen, born June 20, 1866; Mary, born July 5, 1868; James, born January 2, 1871, died in infancy; Henry, born August 28, 1873; William, born March 7, 1876; James Everett, born August 17, 1879. Mr. and Mrs. Vicary are adherents of the Church of England. Politically Mr. Vicary is a Republican. He owns eighty-nine acres of land, a part of which is coal bearing, and a hotel property, the aggregate value of which is $10,000.
VORHEES, JOSEPH, farmer, Sec. 6, P. O. Kickapoo. Garrett Vorhees, the father of the subject of this sketch, was born in Somerset county, N. j., on the 9th day of June, 1763; served in the closing years of the revolutionary war. About 1790, he married Miss Parsell, and in 1791, immigrated to the West and settled in Columbia, Hamilton county, O. (Cincinnati at that time consisting of but a few cabins, and was called Fort Washington), and lived there in a station two years, engaged as a teamster for General Wayne’s army. In 1794 moved to the land which he occupied at the time of his death, Dec. 14, 1862, in the ninety-ninth year of his age. He had nine children by his first wife, and after her death he married a Miss Jerusha, daughter of Charles Rugg, who was born on Long Island. The issue of this marriage was three children—Joseph, Garrett and Harvey. Joseph was born Feb. 25, 1815, and was raised and educated near Reading, Hamilton county, O., on the farm where his father died. In the Fall of 1839 he came to Peoria county, and in the latter part of that Winter purchased the farm on which he now lives. On the 10th of March, 1840, he married Miss Sarah, daughter of Minney and Sarah Rynearson, nee Carroll, who was born near the old village of Scipio, Franklin county, Ind., August 19, 1823. In 1834, she came with her parents to the present site of Mossville, remaining there three years, and then removed to Rosefield township. After their marriage they spent about eighteen months in Ohio, then returned to the home they now occupy. They have had twelve children—Garret H., born Jan. 3, 1841, married April 11, 1865, Miss Emily Cook, who was born in Devonshire, England, Aug. 28, 1843; John R., born March 23, 1843, died Feb. 23, 1845; Jerusha A., born Sept. 24, 1845, died March 24, 1847; Laura Ann, born July 1, 1848, died March 9, 1849; William M., born July 11, 1851; Algenan S., born Jan. 28, 1854, died Sept. 7, 1856; Martha Ann, born May 20, 1856, died Oct. 16, 1858; Elizabeth, born Sept. 30, 1858, died Nov. 20, following; Charles E., born March 8, 1863, died Aug. 17 of the same year; Joseph M., born March 29, 1868. Mr. V. is an adherent of the Presbyterian Church; Mrs. V. of the Methodist Church. Politics, Greenback. He owns 470 acres of land, valued at $40 an acre. Mrs. V. owns eighty acres in her own right, valued at $50 an acre.
WELLS JACOB H. retired, P. O. Kickapoo, son of Thomas and Judith Wells, nee Colby, was born in Newchester, now Hill, New Hampshire, June 3, 1811. He comes of a long lived race, his father living to past eighty years. In 1824 he removed to West Randolph, Vt., and while there worked out among the farmers until 1834, when, for two years, he drove a six-horse te4am, freighting from Vermont to Boston and back. April 3, 1836, he was married to Susan L. Connor, of Andover, N. H. In 1838 he remove4d to Illinois, settling in that year in what is now Rosefield township, Peoria county, and is therefore one of the oldest settlers in the county. He has had three children, two girls and a boy—Susan Christina, born Oct. 9, 1842, died Oct. 18, 1843; Jacob Baxter, born June 10, 1845, now in the railroad ticket office at Kansas City’ Emma Medora, born April 12, 1847, died Oct. 20, 1872. His wife, Susan L., died Feb. 11, 1849. She taught the first school ever taught in Rosefield township, in the Benj. Miller neighborhood, in the Winter of 1842-3. After the death of his first wife, Mr. Wells removed to Kickapoo township, March 29, 1866, and was married to Jane R. Dawson, formerly McClandish, who died Aug. 27, 1877. While he lived in Rosefield he filled the office of constable, and was elected to the same office in Kickapoo. He has also filled the office of town supervisor two years and a half, six months by appointment and two years by election. Since 1869 he has filled the office of town clerk. In politics he is a Greenbacker. Mr. Wells is a noble representative of a class of men fast fading out. He was honest, trustworthy, and possessed the confidence of his immediate fellow citizens, always holding some office of trust and responsibility.
WHITTEMORE DANIEL, farmer, Sec. 23, P. O. Peoria; son of Daniel and Sarah Whittemore, nee Corgin, was born at Thomson, Windham county, Conn., October 5, 1815, where he grew to manhood with such educational advantages as the country and the times afforded. After he was twenty-one years of age, he served three years at the trade of shoemaker; and on May 2, 1841, he married Betsy, daughter of Job and Betsy Irish, nee O’Brien, who was born at Goshen, Conn., September 7, 1814. In May, 1848, they came to Illinois, and settled on section 11, this township; two and a half years later, removed to section 23. In 1854, in consequence of bad health, he sold out, took a tour through Iowa and Wisconsin, returned and purchased his present farm, and settled down to the hard work of clearing up another farm. He has had four children: Nancy Jane, born February 5, 1842, married Frederick Winkler, July 20, 1860; Daniel Eugene, born August 2, 1846, died April 18, 1848; Delancy, born August 12, 1848; Sarah Lugene, born December 6, 1851, married George H. Peterson, December 6, 1877. Mrs. Whittemore died July 15, 1873. Mr. Whittemore devoted several years to the study of botany, adopting Gray’s manual as his text book, and has become familiar with all flora native to the township. The Whittemore estate consists of 100 acres, valued at $35 an acre. Protestant in religion. Independent Republican.
WILKINSON J. H. M. D., Edwards Station, is a son of Joseph and Eliza Wilkinson, nee Harlon, and was born in Warren county, Ohio, July 20, 1823. In 1828, his parents removed to Indiana and settled in Parke county, where he worked on his father’s farm until his sixteenth year, at which time he entered Indiana Asbury University at Greencastle, where he spent five years teaching school at intervals as a means of support. Soon after passing his twenty-first birthday, he commenced the study of medicine with Drs. Allen and Weaver, at Rockville, in Parke county; attended lectures at the Louisville Medical College and graduated in three years. In 1848, he came to Kickapoo village and commenced practice, which he successfully prosecuted for thirty years, when he retired to take general management and oversight of his farms, coal mines and store at Edwards Station. He owns about one thousand acres of valuable farm and coal land, the average value of which is about $75 per acre. He married Miss Isadore E. Edwards, daughter of Thomas and Elenor Edwards, nee Scott, who was born in Hampshire county, Virginia, May 19, 1829. Her parents came to what is now Rosefield township in the Spring of 1835. Dr. and Mrs. Wilkinson have no children. They are members of the M. E. Church and active Sabbath school and temperance workers. Politically, he is a Republican.
ZERWEKH FAMILY, farmers, Sec. 22, P. O. Peoria. The mother of this respected family is Rosina, daughter of Moritz and Dorothea Steinle, nee Wunsch, and was born at Unterturkheim, Wurtemberg, Germany, 23d February, 1823, and on the 20th day of July, 1843, was married to John Jacob, son of George and Christina Zerwekh, nee Diener, who was born in the same town 28th April, 1820. This marriage united two of the first families of their native town, the portraits of their immediate ancestors being accorded a place in the royal art gallery. Mr. Zerwekh was a vine-yardist and co-owner of a cement quarry. In the Winter of 1852-3 he disposed of his interest in Germany, and immigrated to America, arriving at Hagerstown, Maryland, on the 11th day of April, 1853, where they remained a year; and then came to Peoria county and purchased a home in Sec. 23, this township, which they occupied until 1874. they had some means, which, with economy and industry, enabled them to secure a good and comfortable home. In the Fall of 1864, Mr. Zerwekh was drafted into the army, and on the 28th of November bade his family good-bye, and joined the regiment. He was taken sick soon after he reached Chattanooga, Tenn., and died in hospital at that place, 25th January, 1865. Mr. and Mrs. Zerwekh had eleven children that grew to manhood and womanhood, ad one that died in early infancy: Jacob G., born 18th February, 1844, married Mariah Whiting, 20th October, 1871; Rosina D., born 29th November, 1846; John, 11th April, 1848, married Mary Whiting, 29th November, 1874; Christian F., born 6th September, 1849, died from injuries received by a kick from a horse, 24th September, 1867; Wilhelmina J., born 18th December, 1850, married Michael Bauer, 3d December, 1874. (Mr. Bauer died in Wichita county, Kansas, from poison administered by a man named Conway, 31st December, 1879.) Christiana D., born 30th March, 1852, married Charles Buschow, 18th February, 1878; William, born 24th March, 1854; Henry, born 9th January, 1856; August, born 1st May, 1858, and Carl, born 9th May, 1863. On the 14th of December, 1865, Mrs. Zerwekh re-married with George Henry Graze, by whom she had one child, Christian F., who was born 28th march, 1869. In March, 1874, the family removed from the old home place on Sec. 23 to their present residence, where Mr. Graze, the second husband, died 24th March, 1875. On the 28th of April, 1873, Mrs. Z. left Peoria to visit her old father and old home in Germany, her father then being eighty-three years of age. Her father died in 1879, aged eighty-eight years. Mrs. Z. owns one hundred and sixty acres of land, valued at $35 per acre. The family are adherents of the German Lutheran Church.
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